Adrian Smith, FAIA, is an Architect of international renown, having designed many landmark buildings including the two world’s tallest structures – Burj Khalifa completed in 2010 in Dubai and Kingdom Tower, now under construction in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
In 2006, he founded Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture (AS+GG), a firm dedicated to the design of high-performance, energy-efficient and sustainable architecture on an international scale.
In 2008, he co-founded the MEP firm of PositivEnergy Practice, which specializes in the environmental engineering of high-performance, energy-efficient architecture. Before he started AS+GG, he was a Design Partner in the Chicago office of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill from 1980 to 2003 and a Consulting Design Partner from 2003 to 2006.
His work has shown an evolving interest in the use of vernacular and indigenous forms and compositions together with state-of-the-art systems and technologies to integrate new buildings Into the regional context. His designs are sensitive to each project's physical environment, taking into consideration conditions such as location, climate, geographical, geological, cultural, and social influences to achieve environmental sustainability. Over the last several years his work has embraced the principle of “On Site” power generation using the building’s design to harvest power from the sun, wind and geothermal conditions in order to reduce the buildings reliance on the local infrastructure. In many instances, this has had a dramatic impact on the expression of the Architecture and has added an important influence to his philosophy of Global Contextualism.
Throughout his career, Mr. Smith has played an active role in international projects and developments. From 1971 to 1973 he was the resident project architect for the Wills Hartcliffe project near Bristol, England. In 1989, he was selected to participate in the IV Hamburg Bauforum, to lead a team exploring alternative visions for the Speicherstadt district in Hamburg, Germany. In 1990 he participated in a team of 40 international architects and planners in the Zentrum: Berlin symposium, at the Bauhaus in Dessau, to discuss the challenges for the reunification of Berlin. He has also designed buildings in Bahrain, Brazil, China, Dubai, Saudi Arabia, Canada, England, Germany, Guatemala, Indonesia, Korea, Kuwait, Mexico, the United States (Chicago, Boston, Des Moines, St. Louis, Minneapolis, Washington D.C., Orlando and New York City).
Mr. Smith was elected by the SOM Partnership to serve as the firm's Chief Executive Officer from 1992 to 1994. He also served as the Chairman for the SOM Foundation from 1990 to 1995; Trustee to the Chicago Architecture Foundation in 1992 and 1999; president of the Chicago Central Area Committee in 1997 and 1999; Board member of the State Street Council from 1995; and Governor on the Board of the School of Art Institute of Chicago from 2002.
National positions include Lifetime Governor of the Urban Land Institute Foundation and member of the Urban Land Institute (1986 to present). He has served on numerous professional juries and committees, including the Chicago Chapter AlA Fellows Committee and the National AlA Large Firm Roundtable. He was Chairman of the National AlA Jury on Institute Honors (1987); the Progressive Architecture Awards Design Jury (1988); the Jury Chairman of the Central States Region AlA Awards Program (1994); the 2000 Advisory Panel to the AlA Board of Directors for the Firm Award and Gold Medal Award recipients 2000); and Chairman of the AlA National Honor Awards for Architecture (2004).
He was keynote speaker at the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) Fifth World Congress (1995); CTBUH World Congress Dubai (2009); CTBUH World Congress Chicago (2011); CTBUH World Congress Shanghai (2012); the ABN Amro symposium (1990); the Ouaternario conference in Singapore (1991); and has lectured in Amsterdam, London, Buenos Aires, Prague, Frankfurt, Seoul, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Washington DC, Notre Dame, Chicago, New York, and other locations.
He was a Trustee of the Building Experiences Trust Limited, a British organization devoted to furthering architectural education curricula from 1995 to 1998; the Royal Institute of British Architects British Architectural Library Trust Representative for the British Schools and Universities Foundation from 1994 to present; and has appeared in several documentaries including the BBC World Service's film. Chicago Architecture, several episodes of Chicago Tonight; and the first two parts of the Skyline: Chicago film series.
Mr. Smith has been a registered architect in twelve states, the District of Columbia, the United Kingdom, Canada, and the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards, and is also an active member of the College of Fellows of the AlA, the Royal Institute of British Architects, the Ontario Association of Architects and The Architectural Institute of British Columbia.
During his tenure as Design Partner, projects under his leadership and direction have received more than 125 design awards including 5 international awards, 9 National AlA awards, 35 state and Chicago AlA awards and 3 ULI Awards for Excellence (1989, 2005, 2008); and several Progressive Architecture Design Awards. His work has been exhibited at public museums in Chicago, Europe, South America, and Asia and ten of his projects are in the permanent collection of the Art Institute of Chicago.
Major projects at Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture:
Supertall commercial tower’s sustainability strategies include water use reduced by 51% and overall energy use reduced by 38% against baseline building design. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Confidential Mixed-Use Tower
Confidential, mixed-use tower will include a prominent retail tenant, hotel, residential and amenities. Hotel will include dramatic sky lobby; top floors of residences will feature stunning city and park views. New York, New York
Architectural and interior design for a 287,000 sm mixed-use project with an office and hotel tower and a service apartment tower connected by a 5-story podium with retail and parking. Suzhou, China
New campus design of a former 92,903 sm Studebaker manufacturing facility, located in the Renaissance District of South Bend. Redevelopment will provide a platform for data and technology companies. South Bend, Indiana
Expansion and renovation of popular theater located on Navy Pier in downtown includes an adaptable, flexible auditorium built from modular towers. Chicago, Illinois
Istanbul Cultural Center
Conceptual design for integrated group of cultural buildings including state-of-the-art opera house, concert hall, theatre, and cinema. Istanbul, Turkey
Master Planning and Architecture for 174 hectare international exposition site features exhibition and cultural pavilions (118,620 sm); a residential development (686,000 sm); service areas including shopping, socio-cultural, educational and civic facilities; and site-wide parks (72,000 sm). Astana, Kazakhstan
356,000 sf office tower adjacent to Vancouver’s transit hub, features semi-private courtyard amenity space and open plaza with unobstructed waterfront views. Amenities include conference facilities and fitness rooms. Vancouver, British Columbia
160 Front Street
1,215,000 sf office tower in the heart of Toronto’s business district features a rooftop winter garden with 360-degree views of the city. Designed to meet LEED Platinum certification. Toronto, Ontario
Luxury two-tower residential complex with outdoor plaza, a theater and unobstructed views of Burj Khalifa. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Willow Creek Community Church
72, 000 sf community church, designed to use natural light and to bring the experience of the surrounding landscape indoors. The new building will feature a center auditorium space, which will act as an achor for the offices, classrooms, and café spaces, connected by a large circulation area. Glenview, Illinois
50 story, 240 meter tower in downtown Seoul will provide the headquarters for the Federation of Korean Industries. The Class A office building also includes dining facilities, theater and conference center and rooftop garden. Seoul, Korea
Waldorf Astoria Beijing
Luxury hotel project located in the heart of downtown Beijing, China. Bronze exterior reflects the character of the site, and the super frame recalls the symmetry and steady character of Chinese traditional architecture. Beijing, China
The next tallest building in the world, this multi-use Tower will feature a luxury hotel, office space, serviced apartments, luxury condominiums and the world’s highest observatory. Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Greenland Tower Chengdu
468-meter, mixed-use tower features a conference center, offices, a hotel, executive residential apartments and conference center. Chengdu, China
Wuhan Greenland Center
119-story, 606 m tall, 300,000 sm mixed-use tower features office, apartments and hotel, with advanced MEP systems, Wuhan, China.
AS+GG Density Study
An internal research project which looked at the key sustainability aspects of building typologies ranging from suburban single family homes through 750 m supertall towers. To ensure comparability all community prototypes were designed in house for 2000 units with differing total building number, one supertall tower with 2000 units versus 2000 suburban homes. The study analyzed the prototypes in terms of land use, energy demand, transportation, and life cycle carbon emissions. Chicago, Illinois
138 m mixed-use tower includes four levels below grade for retail, parking and support areas. The tower features residential, office and retail at ground and higher levels. Sustainable elements include district cooling, solar hot water, energy-efficient lighting and equipment, a greywater system and highly efficient MEP systems. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Mixed-use 74.5 m and 105 m residential and office towers consisting of 5,612 sm of area. The program includes four to five below-grade levels for partial storage, parking and support areas. Sustainable elements include district cooling, solar hot water, energy-efficient lighting and equipment, a greywater system and highly efficient MEP systems. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Design of interior public spaces and four model apartments in 550 unit building. Stainless steel, glass, and stone are used in combination with soft textiles and warm woods to create a sophisticated, urban environment attractive to the building’s youthful residents. Chicago, Illinois
Tianfu New District Master Plan
Located 30 kilometers south of Chengdu, this new city plan consideres unique features such as existing valleys, ridges and slopes and reinterprets them as parks, plazas, pedestrian streets and retail corridors. Developed guidelines for buildings that range from 5-story buildings, up to signature towers of over 300 meters. Chengdu, China
Feinberg School of Medicine Competition
111,483 sm design for competition entry set within the urban context of the Streeterville Northwestern Campus. The layered massing approach builds upon this tradition, where form does follow function, expressing offices, labs, collaborative program elements and a solar spine as a series of differentiated layers or vertical blades of glass that give scale, texture and meaning to this landmark 21st Century high rise laboratory building. Chicago, Illinois
Architectural competition entry for world-class resort destination. Design for 35-story residential and 35-story hotel towers features a canopy veil that frames the buildings, extending off the towers by 10 meters on each side. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Crown Sydney Hotel
Architectural competition entry for hotel and residential towers designed to reach a 5-Star ranking within the GreenStar performance category. The design’s sustainable strategies include optimized orientation, self-shading balconies and a high-performance facade. Overall, the design has a 60% reduction in emissions compared to similar developments.
Solar EV Dock
Prototypical structure harvests solar energy and power electric/hybrid vehicles. Chicago, Illinois
Vantone Center Tianjin
185-meter tower consists of 64,000 square-meters of above-grade Class A office and high-end retail space, along with an additional 30,000 square meters of below-grade retail and parking. Also features a 27 meter-tall private club for building tenants at its top. Tianjin, China
Nanshan Tower Exterior Wall
Exterior Wall design for a mixed-use development in Shenzhen’s Nanshan District that optimizes solar and wind mitigation. The development includes a 300m tower, 160m tower and conference facility. Shenzhen, China
Gang Xia Tower
198-meter, 43-story tower in Shenzhen’s Futian Central District, with views to the adjacent Civic Center Park and a series of high performance solar shades. Shenzhen, China
Xixian Great City
A 1.4 square km development in China that represents a shift in the approach to providing high density housing and employment in suburban China. The city is designed around a number of key sustainability criteria focusing on a sustainable and healthy urban environment while at the same time being affordable. Xian, China
Great City Chengdu
1 square-kilometer development in central China, stemming from an investigation into the relationship between high density urban living and sustainable development. Will accommodate a population of 100,000 people, or 30,000 families. Chengdu, China
A twin tower scheme of 450 m and 330 m tall towers that proposes a new paradigm for super tall residential typologies. The performative design creates opportunities for views, daylighting, natural ventilation and other experiences. Seoul, Korea
Sanya Haitang Bay Resort
The luxurious development will consist of two separate hotels, luxury villas and a condo hotel tower, set within a sustainable master plan. Hainan Island, China
The Biophilic Tower
Mixed-use, self-sustaining, intelligent 700 m, 118-story tower. Includes office, apartment, hotel, retail and conference center podium. Suzhou, China
Steppenwolf Theater Campus Expansion
Architectural design for major Chicago theater company which includes renovations and additions to existing structure. Chicago, Illinois
505 Church Street
605-feet-tall, 38-story, 1.2 million-square-foot building at 505 Church Street. Designed to achieve a LEED Platinum rating from the U.S. Green Building Council. Technologically advanced, high-performance commercial, hotel and conference space with the lowest possible energy costs and environmental impact. Nashville, Tennessee
La Perouse Development
Mixed-use 54,500 square-meter multifunctional complex with double-wall skin includes residential, administrative offices, sports complex, two restaurants, maintenance services and underground parking for 300 vehicles. Sakhalin Island, Russia
A four tower complex in the Futian District that includes a 300 m mixed-use office/hotel tower, a 300 m office tower and two 200 m towers featuring live-work “officetel” units. Shenzhen, China
Suzhou Creek Residences
High and low-rise waterside residences. Neighborhood includes landscaped areas, new waterway and roadway passages, public art and historically preserved buildings. Shanghai, China
OCT Shenzhen Development
Sustainable mixed-use corridor features adaptive reuse of existing power plant, which will be the centerpiece for the new development. This readapted building will be a showcase for passive power production and sustainable practices including rainwater collection, wind and solar power generation and recycling as well as a central hub for a network or pedestrian and bicycle pathways. Shenzhen, China
National Museum of Health and Medicine
30,000 sf satellite museum located in the c. 1933 building at 175 W. Washington St. The fully readapted three-story building will house the Chicago branch of the museum that features an innovative, interactive format. Chicago, Illinois
Zhengzhou Integrated Transportation Hub
824,000 sm meter mixed use development. The proposal featured a pair of 300m tall office towers flanked by 150m apartment tower and 110m boutique hotel connected by a 4 story retail experience, Zhengzhou, China
Quad Cities Multi-Modal Station
New passenger rail service infrastructure including renovation of historical 65,000 sf six-story warehouse. Total GFA of up to approximately 165,000 sf. Moline, Illinois
Golden Cross Sky Bridge
Proposed urban pedestrian link to allow the elevated pedestrian circulation over the Golden Cross intersection. The Sky Ring opens to the ground and connects to the subway underground through four vertical cores to the existing subway exits. Beijing, China
Chicago Central Area Decarbonization Plan
Commission from the City of Chicago for a complete “Energy Master Plan” that assesses and looks at innovative solutions for the carbon performance of the downtown area Loop using a holistic urban design approach. Chicago, Illinois
York University Central Square
Master plan for the Central Square, one of the primary gathering points on the York campus. Involves master plan, design, renovation and energy efficiency strategies for Central Square and surrounding buildings, including Scott Library, Ross Building, Curtis Lecture Halls and Scott Religious Center. Plan will create a vibrant hub that can be utilized year-round and set the standard for future development. Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Kellogg School of Management
Competition design for new global center for Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University. Scheme features state of the art learning environments, grand gathering spaces with views of Lake Michigan and a number of faculty and administrative offices. Evanston, Illinois
Incheon Airport Competition Entry
This design is based around a central spine which follows the main axis of the site. The plan resolves opposite forces working together: airside with landside, passenger with aircraft, in a sustainable city airport, introducing the balance between nature with technology. Incheon, Korea
360 m and 240 m twin towers inspired by the sun halo. Elegant elliptical form and unique halo fin design catch the sun movement, and create a sky garden amenity. Feature restores solar energy and transforms the building into a 24 hour light sculpture. Beijing, China
Shenzhen Twin Towers
The design for these towers celebrates the twin notions of harmony and identity. The striking form created by the joined towers and unifying sun shades creates an important and distinctive new landmark in the region. Shenzhen, China
Will offer the most spacious and luxurious residences in Mumbai. 76,272 sm tower includes 132 residential units, and serviced apartments. All upper-story condominiums offer views of the Arabian Sea, with vegetated sun shaded exterior wall. Mumbai, India
Kuala Lumpur International Financial District
2.2 million sm master plan for a mixed-use international financial center featuring a 500 m office/ hotel service apartment tower. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Beijing Franshion Development
Master planning, architectural and interior design of mixed-use development in Beijing’s Central Business District featuring residential, retail, educational and recreational facilities along with extensive landscaping. Beijing, China
Willis Tower Greening Project + Hotel
Integration of sustainable systems to reduce energy consumption and design for highly sustainable, 50-story five-star hotel to be built on the south side of Willis Tower plaza. The hotel will draw net zero energy from the power grid. Chicago, Illinois
Yixing Dongju Far East Development
Master planning and architectural design for 5,200,00 sf (484,455 sm) development consisting of two towers, a mixed-use office and hotel tower and a neighboring residential tower. Intersecting buildings create a central park space, which can convert to a dramatic theater space. Yixing, China
Confidential Girls High School
Private girl’s high school on the north side of Chicago includes 10 classrooms, science lab, computer lab, lunchroom for 200 students with kitchen. Multi-purpose spaces include a 200 seat auditorium with stage, full library and flexible student space. Chicago, Illinois
KAPSARC Competition Entry
Competition entry for research facility for major international corporation’s headquarters. The design was developed specifically for extreme weather conditions and features a high-performance, lightweight ETFE skin, intelligent cladding to respond to solar radiation and wind, and the incorporation of a building-integrated photovoltaic system. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Kuwait University Master Plan Competition
Master planning competition entry for university’s central administration facilities complex which includes administration building, conference center, convocation hall, cultural center, library, visitor center and grand mosque. Shadadiyah, Kuwait
Designed as both an urban gateway and a self-sustaining city, this 42-story prototype would be one of the greenest, most aesthetically striking and technologically innovative mixed-use buildings in the world. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Eleven jutting, crystalline structures of varying size–with cantilevers of up to 230 feet over the water–are joined at a base largely concealed beneath the surface, creating the illusion of independent structures. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
With its wings unfurled as if in midflight, this powerfully poetic structure is an evocation of the natural world at its most dynamic, and ecologically interdependent. That inspiration, combined with concepts from automobile design, has been developed into a sculptural, asymmetrical form. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Masdar HQ Development
Positive Energy building in zero carbon, zero waste city. Includes office, retail, transit circulation and landscaped green space. Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Atrium City Master Plan
Master planning for Atrium City development, which includes the iconic 1 Dubai, low-rise residential development, cultural facilities, retail, offices, abundant landscape park spaces and multi-modal transit hub. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Za’abeel Energy Master Plan
Master planning and architecture for large-scale mixed-use district, including office, hotel, parks and civic spaces. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Mumbai Master Plan
Master planning for commercial and residential districts with emphasis on passive + active sustainable design strategies, including district waste-to-power and enhanced aquifer recharge systems. Mumbai, India
Three-tower, supertall megastructure includes luxury hotels, condominiums, offices, retail and cultural facilities. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
1 Park Avenue
Supertall tower with podium complex includes luxury hotel, condominiums, offices and retail. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Ensemble of six mid-rise office buildings linked with canopies, enclosing a central garden space. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Supertall mixed-use tower with faceted facade. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Dubai Bridge fuses structural expression, innovative use of materials and cultural referencing to create one of the most high-performing yet poetically evocative structures of its kind. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
49-story, 1.35 million sf luxury residential tower, including duplex townhouses, 4 stories of office space and retail along a harbor promenade. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
32-story, 820,000 sf office tower featuring including verdant sky gardens and podium offices. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Luxury residential tower with retail podium complex and unobstructed views of Burj Khalifa. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Abu Dhabi Tower
The serenely elegant Abu Dhabi Tower stands out not for its exterior form but for what it contains: a network of urban oases inside the tower that form ventilated sky terraces and naturally illuminated interior gardens. Doha, Qatar
60-story Class A office tower and retail podium in downtown Mumbai, designed to a LEED Platinum standard. Mumbai, India
Luxury residential high-rise tower. Mumbai, India
Southwest Grant Park Master Plan
Collaboration with EDAW to design a world-class sustainable park at southwest corner of Chicago’s Grant Park at Roosevelt Road and Michigan Avenue. Chicago, Illinois
Vancouver Residential Complex
Luxury low-rise residential complex with eco-footprint of “one”. Vancouver, Canada
Hotel Yugoslavia Mixed-Use Development
Mixed-use waterfront development, including hotel, residential and office space, retail and health club. Belgrade, Serbia
Clean Technology Tower
Proposed 60 story tower in downtown Chicago. Project is designed to eliminate its negative impact on the environment and could potentially provide excess energy. Chicago, Illinois
Proposed 2-mile breakwater, completing the last major recommendation of the 1909 Burnham Plan. The bridge, which includes wind turbines, provides a grand civic space and includes a soft shoreline for the study of Great Lakes ecology. Chicago, Illinois
3.5 million sf mixed-use development along Chicago River. Chicago, Illinois
Burj Khalifa Gatehouses + Function Island
Security gatehouses and event space for the Armani Spa Hotel at Burj Khalifa development. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Coatesville Office Complex
80,000 sf office complex. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Interior design of 11,000 sf office space centered around dual interior courtyards. Chicago, Illinois
Major projects completed as Design Partner or Consulting Partner while at SOM, prior to founding Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture:
Pearl River Tower
Architecture for the 69-story China National Tobacco Corporation headquarters. This 2,243,100 sf building proposes to be the first supertall tower to attempt to produce as much, or more, energy than it consumes. Every aspect of the 303-meter tower is designed to harvest wind and solar energy. Guangzhou, China, 2009
King Abdullah Economic City
Master Plan for new city for 2,000,000 inhabitants, on the Red Sea, north of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. City will be a modern community comprised of industrial, residential, office & financial, educational, commercial, resort, port facility and governmental agency facilities. Saudi Arabia, 2006
Las Vegas Tower
Design services for 1888-foot five-star resort tower, which will be the tallest hotel in the world when complete. Includes 4,000 rooms, restaurants, high-end retail, ballroom, recording studios. Las Vegas, Nevada
Renovation and refurbishment of luxury mountain resort, includes updated guest suites, public areas and a modern full-service spa. Telluride, Colorado, 2007
Shanghai Grand Real Estate Office Tower
Design services for office building in Pudong district, 80,000 sm above grade, 20,000 sm below grade. Shanghai, China
Everett M. Dirksen Federal Building Renovation
Architecture, interior design and engineering services for the renovation of courtrooms, offices and building infrastructure in the landmark, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, mid-century modernist federal building. Chicago, Illinois
Nanjing Greenland Financial Center
Architectural design and engineering for 3.5 million sf mixed use supertall building including office, hotel service apartments and commercial functions. Nanjing, China, 2009
Supertall mixed use tower comprising residential, commercial, hotel, and retail spaces. Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 2009
Trump International Hotel & Tower
Architectural design and structural engineering for 2.4 million sf, 94-story mixed use tower comprised of luxury residential, hotel, health club, retail, parking and riverfront park on prominent site along the Chicago River. Chicago, Illinois, 2007
Master plan and architectural design guidelines for 9.7 million sf mixed-use phased development on 26 acres including residential, office, hotel, school and parking surrounding a 6-acre neighborhood park. Chicago, Illinois, 2015
Conceptual design for Chicago Central Area Plan Committee of a prototype for a "vertical city." Chicago, Illinois, 2005
Tower Palace III
73-story, 2-million sf residential tower for the Samsung Group. Seoul, Korea, 2003
1.8 million SF Chemsunny Plaza Corporate Headquarters for Sinochem. Beijing, China, 2006
601 Congress Street
15-story, 470,000 sf U.S. Operations Headquarters for Manulife Financial wealth management firm. Boston, Massachusetts, 2003
International banking headquarters buildings: HQ1, DS1, DS3, DS4; FC2. London, United Kingdom
Jubilee Park Pavilion
Entry pavilion for Jubilee Station. London, United Kingdom, 2004
Central Bank Headquarters
Two story, 50,000 sf headquarters facility, featuring floor-to-ceiling glass. Jefferson City, Missouri, 2004
Beijing Central Business District Master Plan
Competition entry for master plan at the core of Beijing business district, featuring residential and commercial parcels, central park, and courtyard spaces. Beijing, China, 2004
GM Renaissance Center
Master plan and remodeling for corporate occupancy of 5.5 million sf mixed-use development including headquarters facilities, hotel, retail, museum and parking. Detroit, Michigan, 2003
201 Bishopsgate/The Broadgate Tower
13-story, 680,000 sf office building with two 80,000 sf trading floors and two atriums. London, United Kingdom, 2002
7 South Dearborn
Design for proposed 110-story office, retail and residential tower with 545-car parking garage, 2 million sf. Chicago, Illinois, 2002
Campus Crusade for Christ International
Master planning and design services for international, 1,500-acre headquarters campus. Orlando, Florida, 2002
Washington University Psychology Building
Laboratory and animal facility, Department of Psychology, 100,000 sf (9,300 sm). St. Louis, Missouri, 1996
Washington University Arts and Sciences Building
New building for chemistry and other departments with labs, classroom space and lecture hall, 120,000 sf (8,400 sm). St. Louis, Missouri, 2000
Master planning and architectural design for 16.5-acre performance park, including stage house, artistic support spaces, public park and multi-modal transit facility. Chicago, Illinois, 2002
845,000 sf (78,500 sm) international headquarters for BankBoston. Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2000
Jin Mao Tower
88-story, 3 million sf (279,000 sm) multi-use complex including office, hotel and retail. Shanghai, China, 1998
Mitsui Headquarters Competition
40-story glass double curtain wall tower including including offices, 30,000 sm hotel and retail. Tokyo, Japan, 1998
Kowloon MTR Tower
Concept design and design brief for 4,300 sf (400 sm) tall, 2 million sf (188,000 sm) tower with offices and a five-star hotel. Hong Kong, China, 1997
Pidemco GSCP MSCP Towers
Design competition for mixed-use development consisting of two towers containing office and retail facilities, restaurants, observatories and other public amenities. Singapore
Master plan for a mixed-use facility including a 111-story office tower, retail center, housing, cineplex theaters, convention center, luxury hotel, business hotel, sporting facility, cultural center and micro electronics showroom. Seoul, Korea, 1996
State Street Renovation
Urban design and renewal of "that great street" including lighting, subway entrances, landscaping, and paving. Coordination with City of Chicago, public and private agencies, citizens and owners. Chicago, Illinois, 1996
Xiamen Posts and Telecommunications Building
60-story corporate headquarters with restaurant and observatory and post office facility. Xiamen, China, 1994
Aramco Headquarters Office Building
Corporate office building, design and construction documents, 350,000 sf. Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 1993
10 Ludgate Place
Office building, 179,580 sf (16,700 sm), part of a three-building complex master plan, 394,000 sf (36,600 sm), including a new city square, pedestrian routes, public sculpture, shops and restaurants. London, United Kingdom, 1992
Commerzbank Headquarters Competition
50-story high-rise office tower adjacent to existing 30-story corporate headquarters. Design included a series of hanging gardens and an additional six-story office complex. Frankfurt, Germany, 1991
Master plan and design guidelines for multi-use development, 80 acres of site development, roadways, bridges and utility systems with structured parking for 6,000 cars. London, United Kingdom, 1991
The USG Building
34-story office tower, Phase II of the AT&T Corporate Center, 1.1 million sf (99,000 sm). Chicago, Illinois, 1991
AT&T Corporate Center
60-story office tower, 2.9 million sf (26,500 sm). Chicago, Illinois, 1989
NBC Tower at Cityfront Center
38-story regional Corporate Offices and radio and television broadcasting facility, 1 million sf (92,900 sm). Chicago, Illinois, 1989
Multi-use complex consisting of office, retail, hotel and condominium space; the project includes piers, a marina and a ferry terminal, 30,000 sf (30,700 sm) office, 12,500 sf (1,200 sm) retail, 230 hotel rooms, 100 residential condominiums and 700 underground parking spaces. Boston, Massachusetts, 1988
Art Institute of Chicago
Renovation of Second Floor European Galleries, Renovation of galleries, skylights and laylights, 40,000 sf (3,700 sm). Chicago, Illinois, 1987
63-story multi-use tower with over 200 luxury condominiums, 327,000 sf (30,400 sm) office space, a four-story Neiman Marcus department store, and a basement parking garage of three and one half levels accommodating 430 cars. Chicago, Illinois, 1986
United Gulf Bank
12-story bank and office building with a 10-story interior atrium. Manama, Bahrain, 1986
1992 Chicago World's Fair
Preliminary planning, site design, and exhibitor guidelines, 575 acres including landfill with 3,100,000 sf (27,900 sm) of pavilions. Chicago, Illinois, 1980-1985
Chicago Central Area Plan
Planning and urban design team coordinating the development of the overall framework and guidelines for Chicago central area: from Oak Street to the Stevenson Expressway and from Lake Michigan to the Dan Ryan Expressway, approximately 4,160 acres. Chicago, Illinois, 1984
Banco de Occidente
Montufar Branch, eight-teller branch banking facility, 4,500 sf (400 sm). Guatemala City, Guatemala, 1980
Exhibit: “Ten Tops,” Skyscraper Museum Exhibition, March - September, 2015
Exhibition: "The City and The World," UCTEA Chamber of Architects Turkey, Istanbul, Turkey, November 10-25
Presentation: "“Density Study and Green Cities,” Leadership Summit on Sustainable Design hosted by the Design Futures Council, Salt Lake City, Utah, September 29
Exhibition: “Absorbing Modernity: 1914-2014,” Kingdom Tower, Masdar Heaquarters, Great City Chengdu, Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy, June 7-November 23
Lecture: “Supertall Towers and Green Cities,” Neocon 2014, Chicago, Illinois, June 11
Panel: "Supertall, Supergreen: Judith Dupre, Adrian Smith and Rick Cook: Architectural Explorations in Book Series Event," New York Public Library, Stephen A. Schwarzman Building, Margaret Liebman Berger Forum, January 15
Panel: "The Next Cycle: Capitalizing on New Trends," Kellogg Real Estate Conference, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, Illinois, November 13
Lecture: "From Chicago to the World: A Review of Chicago's Architectural History and the Lessons for Global Projects of Tomorrow," ULI Fall Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, November 7
Lecture: "Supertall Towers & Green Cities," The Robie House Series on Architecture, Design and Ideas, Logan Center for Arts, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, October 2
ULI YL Leadership Series, AS+GG Offices, Chicago, Illinois, February 13, 2013
Lecture: "Small World, Big Projects," CAF Lunch Talk, Chicago, Illinois, December 12
Lecture: "From Jin Mao to Kingdom: Search for an Asian Supertall Vernacular," CTBHU 9th World Congress, Shangai, September 19
Lecture: "Current Works: Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture," Archina, Shanghai, China, September 18
Lecture: College of Fellows 2+2 Convention Program, AIA National Convention, Washington, DC, May 19
Lecture: "Toward Zero Carbon: The Chicago Central Area DeCarbonization Plan and Other Sustainable Initiatives," Northwestern Climate Change Symposium, Evanston, Illinois, March 8
Lecture: "Toward Sustainable Cities," John Miles Rowlett Lecture Series, CRS Center for Leadership and Management in the Design and Construction Industry at Texas A&M University, February 18
Lecture: "Toward the Zero-Carbon City," Northwestern University, April 14
Lecture: "The Future of Sustainable Design," Chicago Field Museum, Corner Symposium on Climate Change, May 19
Keynote Address: "Evolution of an Idea," CTBUH 2011 World Conference, Seoul, Korea., October 10
Interview: Presented with 2011 Local Legend Award, Lake Forest-Lake Bluff Historical Society, Interviewed by Bill Kurtsi, Oct 29
Presentation: "40 Years of Designing the Supertall," Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award, Nov 3
Lecture: "Toward the Zero-Energy City," Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, November 3
Lecture: "Masdar Headquarters," Spotlight on Design, National Building Museum, Washington D.C., May 18
Lecture: "Decarbonization of Our Central Cities," Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat Conference, October 23
Lecture: "Designing the Burj Dubai," Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat 8th World Congress, Dubai, March 3
Lecture: "Climate Change, Urgent." MIT Department of Architecture, Cambridge, Massachusetts, September
Lectures: "Supertall, Super Sustainable" and "Masdar Headquarters: Setting the Project Benchmark." Cityscape World Architecture Congress, Dubai, United Arab Emerates, October
Panel: "Trends in Global Architecture." University of Chicago, Graduate School of Business, Chicago, Illinois, November
The National Organization of Minority Architects Symposium UIUC, Champaign, Illinois, April 20
Lecture: "Global Environmental Contextualism." AT Kearney All-Hands Corporate Headquarters Meeting, University Club, Chicago, May
Lecture: "Pearl River Tower: Designing a Zero Energy Building." AIA Convention, San Antonio, Texas, May
Lecture/Speaker: 24 March, SFT Architecture Convention, Munster, Germany
Lecture: "Mr. Adrian D. Smith: Lecture on Recent Work and Philosophy of Architecture and New Firm Ambitions," Tianjin, China
2005 Jury Chair for AIA Honor Awards
Exhibit: GRATTACIELI": Architecture Per IL XXI Secolo (in Lucca); Feb-April
Lecture: Visionary Chicago Architecture; May 12
Lecture: Council of Tall Buildings Urban Habitat (New York), "Burj & Trump Tower," October 17
2005 Chicago Architecture Conference and Product Show (Association of Licensed Architects) "Burj Dubai, World's Tallest tower: An Architecture and Structural Discussion" November 8
Lecture: "Technology and Memory" at University of Illinois at Chicago; November 21
Lecture: "Filling the Void: Renewing the Urban Fabric" at Notre Dame, August 17
Lecture: "Burj &Trump Tower" Chicago Architectural Foundation; September 27
Exhibit: MOMA -- Tall Buildings, November
Lecture: "Trump Tower," Illinois Real Estate Alumni Forum, December 2
The School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Design Panel
Lecture/Tour: Great Chicago Places & Spaces; "The Trump International Hotel & Tower: Creating a New Landmark for Chicago" May 21-23
Lecture: The Art Institute of Chicago, "Trump Tower and Other Supertall Structures"; June 8
The Art Institute of Chicago, 7 South Dearborn Street Drawings Accepted and Added in the Collection of the AIC, March
Exhibit: Museum of Modern Art (MOMA), Jin Mao, 7 S. Dearborn, New York
Exhibit: The Art Institute of Chicago, "Unbuilt Chicago" (7 S. Dearborn)
Visionary Chicago Architecture (Chicago Central Area Committee)
Der Traum Vom Turm; Hochhäuser: Mythos, Ingenieurkunst, Baukultur; NRW, Forum Kultur and Wirtschaft in Düssedorf
Exhibition: Green Exhibition at National Building Museum in Washington, D.C.
Panel Speaker/Juror: AIA Philadelphia Design Jury 2004
Chairman of the 2004 National Awards Jury for Architecture, Interior Architecture Regional & Urban Design and The Twenty-Five Year Award (AIA)
Chicago Architecture Foundation River Cruise; Architectural commentary on cruise; August
Speaker: WTTW, "Chicago Tonight," September 23
Speaker: "Waterfront Development & Planning" in Lisbon
Panel: Real Estate Media, "The Second Annual Real Estate Chicago Architectural Roundtable," March 5
The School of the Art Institute of Chicago: In The Loop; "The Art of Architecture," page 10, Spring 2002, AISC, "Tall Buildings & Sustainability," October 18
Panel: AIA National Convention, Urban Design Awards
Special Consultant: World Exposition Architectural Design & Research Center -- Shanghai Xian Dai Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd.
Panel: AIA National Convention, Denver, "Jin Mao," May 18
Lecture: Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA), "Tall Storeys? Has Sky Scraper Development at last come of age?" May 15
Lecture: International Conference on Tall Building, Universität Leipzig, "Trends in Tall Buildings," Frankfurt, Germany, September 6
Panel: "Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH)," Chicago, IL, October 15
Lecture: Symposium, Architectural Institute of Korea (AIK), November 9
Lecture: 1st National Bank/Bank One Symposium, "Chicago Is History" @ UIC, October 20
Panel: "Chicago Tonight" (WTTW, Channel 11), October 23
Lecture: The Chicago Architecture Foundation, "Skyscrapers by Skidmore," March 15
Exhibit: Chicago Architectural Foundation, "The Art of the Long View," December 9-February 28, 2000
Exhibit: Museum of Contemporary Art, "100 Years of Architecture," December -March 2000
Exhibit: The Art Institute of Chicago, "Skyscrapers: The Next Millennium," August
Panelist: The Mayors Institute on City Design, March 25
Lecture: Solar Business Opportunities in the Building Sector Executive Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark, "Sustainable Design Principles," April 7
WTTW, Channel 11, Chicago, "Art Beat on Chicago," February
Panel: TRANSACT '99 Conference -- Urban Land Institute, "Staying Two Steps Ahead of the Office Market: Positioning for the Next Five Years." September 23
Lecture: AIA Chicago, 1999 Professional Development Conference, "Supertall Buildings," November 12
Council: 1999 Board of Directors of the Landmarks Preservation Council of Illinois
CLTV-TV Chicago, "World's Tallest Building," September 21
WGN-TV (WB) CH 9 Chicago, "World's Tallest Building," September 21
WLS-TV (ABC) CH 7 Chicago, "World's Tallest Building," September 21
Eight Forty Eight -- WBEZ-FM (NPR) Freq 91.5 Chicago, "World's Tallest Building to Be Built in Chicago," September 27
Exhibit: Sao Paulo Biennale, Chicago, May, "New Chicago Architecture," Xiaman Posts and Telecommunications, Jin Mao
The Chicago Athenaeum, International Architecture Award, Waldorf Astoria Beijing
The Chicago Athenaeum, International Architecture Award, FKI Tower
The Chicago Athenaeum, International Architecture Award, Istanbul Cultural Center
The Chicago Athenaeum, International Architecture Award, Golden Horn Shipyard
The Chicago Athenaeum, International Architecture Award, Greenland Tower Chengdu
AIA Illinois, 2016 Daniel Burnham Award, Positioning Pullman
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Urban Planning, Pullman National Monument Redevelopment Plan
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Urban Planning, Astana Expo City 2017
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Urban Planning, Lincoln Park Sustainability Roadmap
Architizer A+ Awards, Plus Categories, Details: Architecture +Metal, Finalist, Waldorf Astoria Beijing
Architizer A+ Awards, Typology Categories, Cultural: Unbuilt Cultural, Special Mention, Istanbul Cultural Center
Architectural Review, MIPIM Future Project Award, Cultural Regeneration, Commendation, Istanbul Cultural Center
Architectural Review, MIPIM Future Project Award, Tall Buildings, Commendation, Biophilic Tower
WAN Future Projects, Civic Award, Winner, Istanbul Cultural Center
WAN Future Projects, Urban Design Award, Shortlist, Golden Horn Shipyard
Re-thinking The Future 2015 Award, Urban Design Concept, First Award, Great City Chengdu
Re-thinking The Future 2015 Award, Urban Design Concept, Second Award, Astana Expo City
Chicago AIA, Distinguished Building Award, Citation of Merit, Waldorf Astoria Beijing
IIDA Red Awards, Product Design, Winner, Fracture Dining Table
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, Waldorf Astoria Beijing
The Chicago Athenaeum, International Architecture Award, Hotel Atlantic
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Architecture, FKI Tower
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Architecture, Kellogg School of Management Competition
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Architecture, Dancing Dragons
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Urban Planning, Tianfu New District Master Plan
Structural Engineers Association of Illinois, 50 Significant Structures in 50 Years, Burj Khalifa
HD Awards, Winner, Hotel Luxury/Upscale, Waldorf Astoria Beijing
Architect Magazine, Design 50, Ranked #1 Overall, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture
Civic Trust Awards, Civic Trust Award, FKI Tower
Civic Trust Awards, Civic Trust Award, Waldorf Astoria Beijing
Korean Architecture Award, Excellence Award, FKI Tower
Korea Presidential Commission on Architecture Policy, Korea Green Building Award, FKI Tower
Re-Thinking the Future, Sustainability Award, Honorable Mention, FKI Tower
WAN Urban Design Award, Future Projects, Finalist, Xixian Great City Master Plan
Middle East AIA, Non-Built Category, Merit Award, Kingdom Tower
Middle East AIA, Regional Design Award: Architecture, Burj Khalifa, 2014 (While Design Partner at SOM)
Middle East AIA, Regional Design Award: Interior Architecture, Burj Khalifa, 2014 (While Design Partner at SOM)
Chicago AIA, Distinguished Building Award, Citation of Merit, FKI Tower
The Chicago Athenaeum, International Architecture Award, Dancing Dragons
CTBUH, Performance Award, Finalist, Jin Mao Tower (While Design Partner at SOM)
CTBUH, 10 Year Award, Finalist, Tower Palace III (While Design Partner at SOM)
CTBUH, Best Tall Building Asia and Australasia, Finalist, Federation of Korean Industries
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Urban Planning/Landscape Architecture, Xixian Great City Master Plan
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Urban Planning/Landscape Architecture, Great City Chengdu Master Plan
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Architecture, Solar Dock
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Research /Technology, the Density Study: A Carbon Analysis of Residential Typologies
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Architecture, Pearl River Tower (While Consulting Design Partner at SOM)
OPP, Making a Difference in Asia Award, Firm Award, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture
American Institute of Steel Construction, IDEAS2 Awards, Excellence in Steel-Frame Building, Solar Canopy
Structural Engineers Association of Illinois, Excellence in Structural Engineering Award, Winner, Best Project $150 million and over, Federation of Korean Industries
IIDA RED Award, Furniture Design, GG Table
Architizer A+ Award, Office Building High Rise, Finalist, Federation of Korean Industries
Architizer A+ Award, Unbuilt Category, Architecture + Technology, Finalist, Chengdu Greenland Tower
Architizer A+ Award, Office Building High Rise, Finalist, Pearl River Tower (While Consulting Design Partner at SOM)
Commercial High-Rise Architecture, China International Property Awards, Pearl River Tower (While Consulting Design Partner at SOM)
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, Dancing Dragons
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, Xixian Great City
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, The Biophilic Tower
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, The Wave Tower
The Chicago Athenaeum, International Architecture Award, Great City Master Plan (Tianfu Ecological City)
Illinois AIA, Daniel Burnham Honor Award, Chicago Central Area DeCarbonization Plan
Texas A&M University School of Architecture, Outstanding Alumni Award
Chicago AIA, Design Excellence, SustainABILITY Award, Chicago Central Area Decarbonization Plan
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, KAPSARC
Ace Mentor Program, Green Visionary Award, Firm Award
The Chicago Athenaeum, International Architecture Award, Burj Khalifa Gatehouses
The Chicago Athenaeum, International Architecture Award, Solar EV Dock
CTBUH, Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award
Times Properties Journal, Best Office Building in China, Third Place, Nanjing Greenland International Financial Center (while Consulting Design Partner at SOM)
National AIA, Honor Award, Regional and Urban Design, Chicago Central Area DeCarbonization Plan
MEED Quality Awards, Project of the Year, Burj Khalifa (while Design Partner at SOM)
MEED Quality Awards, GCC Technical Building Project of the Year, Burj Khalifa (while Design Partner at SOM)
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, Chicago Central Area DeCarbonization Award
Chicago AIA, Distinguished Building Award, Citation of Merit, Burj Khalifa (While at SOM)
Chicago AIA, Interior Architecture Award, Citation of Merit, Public Areas at the Residences of Burj Khalifa (While Design Partner at SOM)
Chicago AIA, Special Recognition Award, Burj Khalifa Level 153 (While Design Partner at SOM)
Chicago AIA, Unbuilt Design, Honor Award, KAPSARC
Chicago AIA, Unbuilt Design, Citation of Merit, Dubai Bridge
The Chicago Athenaeum, International Architecture Award, Gold Cross Sky Ring
Lake Forest-Lake Bluff Historical Society, Local Legend Award
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, Distinguished Building Award, Trump International Hotel & Tower
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, Distinguished Building Award, Burj Khalifa
Chicago AIA, Design Excellence, Unbuilt Category, Matrix Gateway Complex
Chicago AIA, Divine Detail Award, Special Recognition, Broadgate Tower (While Design Partner at SOM)
CTBUH Global Icon Award, Burj Khalifa (while Design Partner at SOM)
CTBUH Best Tall Building in Middle East and Africa, Burj Khalifa (while Design Partner at SOM)
WAN Awards, Urban Design, Chicago Central Area DeCarbonization Plan
International Property Awards, Arabian Property Award for Architecture, Middle East Region, Masdar Headquarters
R+D Award for Sustainability, Chicago DeCarbonization Plan, Architect Magazine
The Chicago Athenaeum, International Architecture Award, Vancouver Residential Complex
Cityscape Awards, Best Mixed-Use Project in Mideast, Burj Khalifa (while Design Partner at SOM)
P/A Award, Architect Magazine, Matrix Gateway Complex
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Pearl River Tower (While Consulting Design Partner at SOM)
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, Matrix Gateway Complex
The Chicago Athenaeum, International Architecture Award, Matrix Gateway Complex
SOAR, Vision into Reality Award, Firm Award
Maktoob Business, Best Building in the Mideast, Burj Dubai (while Consulting Design Partner at SOM)
Chicago Building Congress, Merit Award, Trump International Hotel & Tower (while Design Partner at SOM)
CTBUH, Best Tall Building Europe, Broadgate Tower (while Design Partner at SOM)
Building Owners and Managers Association Boston, Building of the Year, 601 Congress Street (while Design Partner at SOM)
Architectural Society of China, Design Excellence Award, Chemsunny Plaza (while Design Partner at SOM)
Construction Week Awards, Sustainable Design Award, Masdar Headquarters
International Property Awards, Arabian Property Award for Architecture, Middle East Region, Verde Residences
The Design Futures Council, Senior Fellow, Washington, DC
Middle East Architect Awards, Green Project of the Year, Masdar Headquarters
Cityscape Architectural Awards, Environmental Award, Masdar Headquarters
Urban Land Institute, Award of Excellence,General Motors Renaissance Center (while Design Partner at SOM)
International Property Awards, Arabian Property Awards, Middle East Region, Best Green Development, Verde Offices and Residences
The Architectural Society of China, Design Excellence Award, Chemsunny Plaza (while Design Partner at SOM)
Spark Awards, Green, Carbon-Lowering & Environmental Category, Gold Award, Pearl River Tower (while Consulting Design Partner at SOM)
All awards below received as Design Partner or Consultuing Design Partner at SOM:
Chicago AIA, Sustainable Design Award, Special Recognition, 601 Congress Street
Chicago AIA, Distinguished Building Award, Special Recognition, 601 Congress Street
Chicago AIA, Honor Award, Regional and Urban Design, Millennium Park
Urban Land Institute, Award of Excellence, Millennium Park
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, Jubilee Park Pavilion at Canary Wharf
Korea Culture and Architecture Design Award, Presidential Award, Tower Palace III
Chicago AIA, Distinguished Building Award, Canary Wharf DS1
Excellence in Masonry Awards, Washington University Arts & Sciences Building
CNBC/Business Asia, Best Business Hotel in Shanghai, Grand Hyatt, Jin Mao
China Architectural Art and Culture Conference, Social Contribution of Public Building, Chemsunny Plaza
National AIA, Honor Award, Regional and Urban Design, Lake Shore East Master Plan
CCAIA Distinguished Building Award, 29 N. Wacker Building, Chicago, Illinois
CCAIA, Unbuilt Design Award, Honor Award, Jubilee Park Pavilion, London, United Kingdom
Chicago AIA, Divine Detail Award, Special Recognition, Jin Mao
World Architecture Award, Asia Category, Finalist, Jin Mao
Charter Awards Program, Congress for the New Urbanism, State Street Renovation Project
National AIA, Interior Honor Award, Jin Mao Tower
Chicago AIA, Interior Honor Award, Jin Mao Tower
Chicago AIA, Interior Honor Award, Special Recognition, General Motors Circulation Ring
ASHRAE, Excellence in Engineering, 601 Congress Street (Manulife Financial)
The Institution of Structural Engineers, Structural Awards, Jin Mao Tower
National AIA, 25 Year Award, Hancock Center
FIABCI Prix d'Excellence-Office/Industrial, Properties Award, AT&T Corporate
Associated Builders and Contractors, Excellence in Construction Award, Best Commercial Office Building, Campus Crusade for Christ Lake Hart
International Union of Architects Beijing, Jin Mao Tower
Architect Creation Award, Jin Mao Tower, World Architect Conference
Shanghai Municipality, Gold Prize of Shanghai Classical Buildings, Jin Mao Tower
Campus Crusade for Christ International by Association Builders and Contractors, Excellence in Construction, Eagle Award,
National AIA, Institute Honors Award, SOM Foundation
Chicago Section of the Engineering Society of North America, Illumination Design Award, State Street Renovation
FIABCI, Prix d’Excellence in Office/Industrial Category, AT&T Corporate Center
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, Washington University Psychology Building
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, State Street Renovation
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, USG Building Complex
Chicago AIA, Design Excellence, State Street Renovation
Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) International Illumination Design Award, State Street Renovation
Structural Engineers Association of Illinois, Best Structure Award, Jin Mao Tower
International Downtown Association, Special Achievement Award, State Street Renovation
Chicago AIA, Distinguished Building Award, Washington University Psychology/Biology Building
St. Louis AIA, Honor Award for Architecture, Washington University Psychology/Biology Building
National AIA, 1995 Firm Award, SOM
University of Illinois, Alumni Achievement Award
European Commercial Property Development Awards, First Prize, Canary Wharf
St. Louis Construction News & Review Readers’ Choice Award, Washington University Psychology Building
ASHRAE, Excellence in Engineering, December, Jin Mao
Worshipful Company of Chartered Architects, New City Architecture Award, Ludgate Office Complex
National AIA, Honor Award, Rowes Wharf
Chicago AIA, Distinguished Building Honor Award, 10 Ludgate
Chicago AIA, Civic Trust Award, Ludgate Office Complex
Illinois/Indiana Masonry Council, Gold Medal, AT&T
Illinois/Indiana Masonry Council, Gold Medal, USG
University of Illinois at Chicago, Architecture Alumni Association, Alumni Service Award
Structural Engineers Association of Illinois, Best Structure Award, 500 W. Monroe
Urban Land Institute, Award of Excellence, Finalist, AT&T Corporate Center
Print Casebooks 9, Sign Program, Certificate of Design Excellence, Rowes Wharf
Chicago Friends of Downtown, Best Open Space, Cityfront Center Plaza
Chicago AIA, Unbuilt Design Award, Honor Award, Broadgate Tower
Chicago AIA, Unbuilt Design Award, Honor Award, Commerzbank,
Chicago AIA, Unbuilt Design Award, Honor Award, King Abdulaziz International Airport
ASHRAE, Excellence in Design, Washington University Psychology Building
MIPIM, Best Office Development Programme, Canary Wharf - Overall
Chicago AIA, Excellence in Masonry Award, Silver Medal, NBC Tower
Chicago AIA, Ten Year Interior Architecture Award, Banco de Occidente
Friends of Downtown, Best New Building of the Year Award, NBC Tower
National AIA, Citation for Excellence in Urban Design, Rowes Wharf
Building Owners & Managers Association, Building of the Year Award, Rowes Wharf
Chicago AIA, Distinguished Building Award Certificate of Merit Unbuilt Design, Bayer Milan
Building Stone Institute, Tucker Interior Architecture Award, 75 State
Illinois Chapter American Society of Landscape Architects, Merit Award, Harbortown
Chicago AIA, Distinguished Building Award, Rowes Wharf
Chicago AIA, Distinguished Building Award, NBC
Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute, PCI Professional Design Award Winner, NBC Tower
National Commercial Builder’s Merit Award, 75 State
Chicago Sun-Times, Building of the Year, NBC Tower
Associated General Contractors Build Massachusetts Award, Rowes Wharf
Chicago AIA Interior Architecture Certificate of Merit, 222 N. LaSalle
Architectural Woodwork Institute Award of Excellence, 75 State
Chicago AIA, Divine Detail Honor Award, United Gulf Bank
National Commercial Builder’s Council, 1990 Award of Excellence, Rowes Wharf
Urban Land Institute, Award for Excellence, Large Scale Urban Development/Mixed Use Award, Rowes Wharf
Pre-Stressed Concrete Institute Professional Design Award, Rowes Wharf
Builder Magazine, Grand Award, Rowes Wharf
Chicago AIA, Excellence in Masonry Award, Silver Medal, NBC Tower
Chicago AIA, Ten Year Interior Architecture Award, Banco de Occidente
Friends of Downtown, Best New Building of the Year Award, NBC Tower
National AIA, Citation for Excellence, Urban Design, Rowes Wharf
Indiana Masonry Council, Annual Awards for Illinois, Gold Medal, Arthur Anderson Center for Professional Education
Indiana Masonry Council, Annual Awards for Illinois, Gold Medal, 222 N. LaSalle
Indiana Masonry Council, Annual Awards for Illinois, Bronze Medal, 225 W. Washington
Chicago Building Congress, Merit Award, Arthur Andersen & Company
National AIA, Honor Award, United Gulf Bank
Associated General Contractors of America and Motorola, Build American Award, Rowes Wharf
Chicago AIA, Distinguished Building Award, United Gulf Bank
American Society of Landscape Architects, Illinois Chapter, Honor Award, 10, 120 & 222 S. Riverside Plaza
The Waterfront Center, Excellence on the Waterfront Honor Award, Rowes Wharf
Boston AIA, Urban Design Citation, Rowes Wharf
Chicago AIA, Citation of Merit, United Gulf Bank
Interior Design Magazine, Outstanding Achievement Award, United Gulf Bank
Chicago AIA, Interior Architecture Award, United Gulf Bank
Illumination Design Award, 203 N. LaSalle
Illuminating Engineering Society, Chicago Chapter, Award of Excellence, 203 N. LaSalle
Chicago Lighting Institute Division of the Electric Association, Award of Merit Certificate, 222 N. LaSalle; 203 N. LaSalle
NAIOP Awards Banquet, Suburban Office Building of the Year Award, ArborLake
Progressive Architecture 32nd Annual Awards, Urban Design & Planning First Award
Edwin F. Guth Memorial Award of Merit, International Chicago Chapter AIA, Distinguished Building Award, 222 N. LaSalle
Chicago AIA, Distinguished Building Award, Art Institute of Chicago, Second Floor Galleries
ASHRAE, Energy Award Program, NBC, AT&T
Illinois/Indiana Masonry Council, Gold Medal Award: 222 N. LaSalle; Gold Medal Award: Arthur Anderson Training Center; Bronze Medal Award, 225 W. Washington, Chicago
IMPC, Award for Excellence in Parking Design and Program Innovation Category II and III, 203 N. LaSalle
Masonry Institute Awards, Bronze Medal, Neiman-Marcus, Olympia Centre
Seventh Annual M/E Engineering Award, Art Institute of Chicago
ASHRAE, Energy Awards Program, ArborLake Centre
AHRAE, Energy Awards Program, Harbortown
32nd Annual Progressive Architecture Magazine Awards (jointly with B. Graham, T. Beeby, and S. Tigerman), Urban Design and Planning First Award
Illinois Chapter American Society of Heating, Refrigerating & Air Conditioning Engineers, Energy Achievement Award, Atrium at Southwest Crossing
ASHRAE Illinois Chapter, Energy Award, Art Institute of Chicago Art Gallery Renovation, Second Floor European Gallery
Chicago AIA, Interior Architecture Award, Citation of Merit, First National Bank of Chicago
Chicago Lighting Society, Lighting Award, Neiman-Marcus, Chicago
ASHRAE, Energy Awards Program, 203 N. LaSalle
Progressive Architecture 31st Annual Awards, Architectural Design Citation, United Gulf Bank
Rockville Historic Preservation, Ltd., Certificate of Recognition, Woodmont Place
Institute of Business Designers/ Interior Design Magazine, First Place for Shops, Stores and Showrooms, Best of Competition, Bally of Switzerland, Chicago
National AIA, Honor Award, Banco de Occidente
Illinois Center Masonry Council, Excellence in Masonry, Silver Award, Continental Banking Center
Chicago AIA, Distinguished Building Award, 919 N. Michigan Avenue
Institute of Business Designers/ Interior Design Magazine, Gold Award, Bally of Switzerland
ASHRAE, Energy Awards Program Honorable Mention, 525 W. Monroe
Chicago AIA, Honor Award, Banco de Occidente
Chicago AIA, Interior Architecture Award, Banco de Occidente
Structural Engineers Association of Illinois, Innovative Design Award, Three First National Plaza
National AIA, Honor Award, Banco de Occidente
ASHRAE, First Award, Continental Banking Center, Chicago
Inventions, January, “Seit wann kratzen Hochhäuser an den Wolken?” pp. 36-37
Architect’s Newspaper, January 4, “AIA Chicago outlines Pullman’s future as a national monument”
Azernews, January 13, “Green building to rise over Baku”
Architect Magazine, January 14, “Worldwide Total of Supertall Buildings Reaches 100”
Chicago Tribune, January 15, “Cities defined by more than tall buildings”
The Wall Street Journal, February 3, “Jeddah Aiming for Towering Height,” pp. C1; C8
Building Design + Construction, February 18, “How to make a ‘pure’ glass sphere,” pp. 42-44
Architect and Cultural, March, “FKI Tower,” pp. 100-109
Newton, March, “Kingdom Tower (Chinese),” pp. 31-37
Chicago Sun-Times, March 2, “Shakespeare Theater announces $35 million expansion on Navy Pier”
Chicago Tribune, March 2, “New Chicago Shakespeare stage will transform Navy Pier”
TimeOut Chicago, March 2, “Chicago Shakespeare announces Navy Pier expansion”
Daily Herald, March 3, “Chicago Shakespeare Theater announces expansion plans”
Building Design + Construction, March 16, “Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture incorporates Biblical parable into church design”
Boston Globe, April 4, “New Downtown Crossing skyscraper to rival Millennium Tower”
World Architecture News, April 6, “Wuhan’s supertall tower heads for the top”
Curbed, April 12, “Supertalls and Sustainable Skyscrapers: Architect Adrian Smith on the Mile-High Building”
Engineering News-Record, April 13, ” Proposal Made for 683-ft Downtown Boston Tower”
Curbed, April 13, “A More Detailed Look at the Chicago Shakespeare Theater Expansion”
World Architecture News, April 14, “Gordon Gill to design new Chicago theatre”
Boston Herald, April 30, “Tower to house all its affordable units on-site”
Design Diffusion, May, “Playing with Angles,” pp. 104-107
Arq, May 3, “Una audacia sustentable,” pp. 18-25
Architect’s Newspaper, May 9, “Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture design 72,000-square-foot Church in Glenview, Illinois”
Newcity, May 17, “Pullman’s Past, Present, and Future”
Chicago Magazine, June, “The man with his head in the clouds,” pp. 97-99; 144
Structure Magazine, June, “Rising to the clouds with confidence,” pp. 37-40
Gizmag, June 22, “Six-hundred meter tall aerodynamic eco-tower being built in China”
Building Design + Construction, December 8, “Saudi Arabia secures funding for world’s first kilometer-tall skyscraper: Jeddah Tower”
The Telegraph, December 6, “Onwards and upwards for the skyscraper”
Chicago Tribune, December 2, “Saudi Arabia plans to build the world’s tallest skyscraper”
Architect Magazine, December 1, “How to Heat and Cool a Supertall”
The Huffington Post, November 30, “Saudi Arabia’s Jeddah Tower Will Be The World’s Tallest Building”
The Telegraph, November 30, “Jeddah’s Kingdom Tower a step closer to becoming world’s tallest building”
Engineering News-Record, November 11, “Jeddah Tower’s ‘Climb’ to One Kilometer Picks Up Speed”
Manderin Quarterly, Winter, “Net-Zero Energy Buildings”
Architect Magazine, September 11, “Architect 50: Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill takes top honors”
Khaleej Times, September 10, “Architects of Dubai’s Burj 2020 swear by sustainability”
The Gulf Today, September 9, “World’s leading real estate players converge on Dubai,” p. 5
Design MENA, September 8, “Burj 2020 by Adrian Smith and Gordon Gill will be ‘Diamond of Dubai’”
The National, September 8, “Burj 2020: Architectural duo set their sights on Dubai”
Popular Science, August 3, “Where does the glass for the new supertall skyscapers come from?”
Nonstop Gulfstream, Summer, “The Sky is not the limit”
The Guardian, July 22, “Jeddah’s Kingdom Tower: how much higher can skyscrapers go?”
Time, July 20, “When it comes to new ultra-tall towers, the sky is the limit”
Construction Week, June 16, “Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill to design Burj 2020”
International Journal of High-Rise Buildings, June, “The Environmental Impact of Tall vs. Small: A Comparative Study”
Tengri News, April 7, “Nazarbayev tours EXPO-2017 construction site,”
Visual, March 29, “City of the Future: Great City by Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture”
Architect Magazine, March 31, “Up and Running: Words of Advice for Young Firms”
Bblcothbif, January, “Хрустальный кристалл Чэнду,” New York Magazine, March 24, “The Rise of the Mile-High Building”
Four, Summer, “Kingdom Tower, Jeddah,” p. 16
Mandarin Quarterly, Summer, “Trump Soars in Chicago,” pp. 36-37
CTBUH Journal, Issue II, “High Performance Design Shapes Sustainable Supertall Building,” pp. 12-17
Aura, Volume Two, “Reach for the Sky,” pp. 48-52
International New Landscape, May-June, “Chicago DeCarbonization Plan,” pp. 38-43
Chicago Architect, May-June, “High Riser,” p. 74
cci Zeitung, May 23, “Wie kommt Flussigbeton 700 m hoch?” p. 4
Southeast Asia Building, March-April, “Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture wins international design competition for Expo-2017 in Astana, Kazakhstan,” p. 22
Bloomberg BusinessWeek, March 24, “Shedding the Vortex,” pp. 92-95
Kohkoku, March, “Higher than Higher,” p. 138
Architectural Record, March, “Big Bigger Biggest,” pp. 114-115
MW, March, “The World’s Best Architects,” pp. 153-154
Architectural Record, March, “Towering Ambition,” pp. 94-101
Chicago Tribune, February 23-27, “The Global City: Designed in Chicago, Made in China”
Greater Middle East, January 8, “Thought Leaders: Adrian Smith, AS+GG Architecture”
The Skycourt and Skygarden: Greening the Urban Habitat, January, “Dancing Dragons,” pp. 188-191
Architect, January, “Architecture and the 3rd Industrial Revolution,” pp. 100-103
Tall and Supertall Buildings: Planning and Design, January, “Kingdom Tower,” p. 189
HOPSCA III, January, “Wuhan Greenland Center,” 188-197
Green Buildings, December, “Expo-2017,” pp. 16-21
B1 Magazine, October, “Expo 2017 Pavilion,” pp. 38-39
ArchOne, February 11, “Alumnus who designed world’s tallest building to receive honoary doctorate degree”
Popular Science, February 15, “Rise of Supertall“
Daily Telegraph, February 15, “World’s best architects vie to make their mark on Sydney”
U Magazine, February, “Never Ends”
U Magazine, February, “Never Ends”
Southeast Asia Building, January/February, “Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture wins competition to design Qintai Center, new corporate headquarter in Wuhan, China”PM Network, January, “Closing Credits”
World Architecture News, January 7, “A slice of life in Chengdu”
Perspectives, January, “A Solution for All”
Evolo Magazine Asian Edition, January, “Chengdu Tianfu District Great City”
Surface Asia, November, “Seoul Searching: the Dancing Dragons in YIBD”
Concept Magazine, Special Issue 2012, “Yongsan International Business District: Dancing Dragons”
Men’s Book Chicago, Fall, “The Visionaries: Hitting the Heights,” pp. 90-91
Chicago Architect, September-October, “Built to Scale”
Zenith Business Report, September-October, “Starship to Riyadh,” pp. 10-12
Northwest Tourism, September, “Dimensional Life - Delicate Space,” pp. 27-33
Architect Magazine, August 22, “Dancing Dragons”
Perspective, August, “Dancing in the dragon hills”
Building Design + Construction, August, “Mixed-Use Towers in Seoul Awake the Dancing Dragons”
idesign travel, August, “Wuhan Greenland Center,” pp. 59-65
Beyond Magazine, August, “Dragon Dancing Twin Towers”
Architectural Update, July 18, “Vantone Center, Tianjin AS+GG”
Crain’s Chicago Business, June 28, “High-rise, low-carb buildings offer new ideas for sustainable skyscrapers”
B1, June, “Dancing Dragons Towers”
Green Architecture Now 2, June, “Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture: Head Offices of the Federation of Korean Industries
World Architecture News, May 11, “Enter the Dragons: Architects unveil twin Korean towers with lizard-like ‘scales’ of glass that let the buildings ‘breathe’”
Building Capacity, May, “A Taste of Living Future 2012”
Men’s Book Chicago, Spring, “On Top of the World,” pp. 42-44
Nox, Winter-Spring, “Dualidad Geometrica”
Chicago Sun-Times, March 14, “Development buzz at Reese site”
China Daily, February 28, “Bigger is better, developer decides midway”
Bloomberg News, February 27, “Chinese Tower May Add Floors to Become World’s Tallest after Burj Khalifa”
China Daily, February 27, “Wuhan Greenland Center to be China’s tallest building”
CRI English, February 27, “Wuhan Mulls Tallest Building in China”
Mein Eigen Heim, February, “Hallo Zuknft”
RIBA Journal, February, “United Arab Emirates: Burj Khalifa, SOM”
The Epoch Times, January 31, “China’s Risky Skyscraper Extravaganza”
The Chicago Tribune, January 4, “The Burj Khalifa two years later”
Tall Buildings, November, ”KOPOJIEBCKNN POCTOK”
Sphere, Autumn, “Arabian Heights”
Perspective, October, “Reigning over the sky”
Sciences et Avenir, October, “En Image: Plu pres du ciel”
DFUN Magazine, September, “World of Great Towers: Kingdom Tower”
B1, September, “Kingdom Tower”
Chicago Architect, “People + Places: Kingdom Tower”
Chicago Tribune, September 9, “Trump’s tower a symbol of a post-attack revival”
Wall Street Journal, September 8, “The skyscraper as a pillar of confidence”
Los Angeles Times, September 4, “Skyscrapers remain powerful symbols, post 9/11”
Perspective, September, “Higher up in the wind”
Bloomberg, August 30, “Kingdom Tower architect grapples the wind at 3,000 ft”
Metropolis, August 16, “Move Over, Burj Khalifa”
New York Magazine, August 14, “Higher”
Construction Week Online, August 13, “King of Skyscrapers”
The Sun, August 12, “King of towers hits the heights”
The Gulf Today, August 11, “A Bird? A Plan? It’s Kingdom Tower!”
NPR, August 8, “World’s tallest building to be built in Saudi Arabia”
Red Eye, August 3, “3,280”
The Times of India, August 3, “At 1000m, Jeddah to have world’s tallest tower”
Wall Street Journal, August 3, “Saudis plan world’s tallest tower”
Huffington Post, August 2, “Kingdom Tower: Adrian Smith talks designing world’s tallest building”
msnbc, August 2, “World’s tallest building coming to Saudi Arabia”
Popular Science, August 2, “Saudi’s set to build Kingdom Tower, soon to be the world’s tallest building”
Chicago Sun-Times, August 2, “Chicago firm designing new tallest building”
The Telegraph, August 2, “Saudi Arabia takes step to build world’s tallest tower”
Emirates 24/7, August 2, “Kingdom Tower to top reigning champ Burj Khalifa by 173m”
World Architecture News, August 2, “AS+GG Confirmed to design world’s tallest tower”
Chicago Tribune, August 2, “Chicago architecture firm to design world’s tallest tower”
Globe and Mail, August 2, “Saudi thrusts forward with plan for world’s tallest tower”
Baltimore Sun, August 2, “Chicago architecture firm to design world’s tallest tower”
Washington Post, August 2 , “Saudi presses forward with plans to build world’s tallest tower, outdoing neighbor Dubai”
The Wall Street Journal, July 8, "Architect Q&A: The State of Super-Tall Towers"
World Architecture News, June 24, “Adrian Smith Wins 2011 Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award from the CTBUH”
Construction Week, June 23, “Burj architect gets lifetime achievement award”
World Architecture News, June 21, “Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill, Thornton Tomasetti and PositivEnergy Practice to design world’s fourth tallest building”
Inhabitat, June 21, “AS+GG Aerodynamic Wuhan Greenland Center to be World’s 4th Tallest Building”
e-architect, June 21, “Wuhan Greenland Center Tower”
One, Spring/Summer, "(Re)Conceiving Cities," pp. 13-15
Archone, May 17, “College of Architecture names eight 2011 Outstanding Alumni: Adrian Smith”
Nissan Technology Magazine, April 28, “2025: The future of mobility and our future cities”
Crain's Chicago Business, March 7, "Crain's 2011 Coolest Chicago Offices: Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture"
Archone, March 4, "Adrian Smith visits students, presents Rowlett Lecture"
The Battalion, February 25, “Aggie reaches for the sky,” pp. 1, 5
Architect's Newspaper, January 17, "Smart Grid City"
That’s Shanghai, January, “The architect’s architect,” pp. 28-29
Chicago Tribune: Cityscapes, January 7, “Smith + Gill win national honors in urban design”
GreenSource, December, "The rise of retrofit," pp. 106-113
inhabitat.com, October 29, "Korean Tower Boasts One of World's Most Efficient Solar Facades"
The New York Times, September 25, "Planning a Sustainable City in the Desert"
Architect Magazine, August, "2010 R+D Award for Sustainability: Chicago Central Area Decarbonization Plan"
Ecolibrium, July, "Desert Star," p. 7
B1 Magazine, June, "Sustainable Excellence: Masdar," pp. 36-41
Metropolis, June, "Skyline: Willis Tower," p. 83
The National, May 26, "Masdar showcased at a Smithsonian Institution's museum"
The Chicago Tribune, May 6, "A tale of two urban plazas"
Perspectives, April, "Building for change," pp. 84-87
RICS Business, March, "Power tower," p. 7
Architect, March, "Burj Khalifa Curtain Wall," pp. 23-24
Crain's, March 1, "In going green average isn't good enough for Willis Tower"
Eco-Structure Magazine, February 25, "Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture offers a low-carb plan for Chicago"
inhabitat.com, February 22, "Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill hatch massive plan to decarbonize Chicago"
World Architecture News, February 18, "AS+GG completes first phase of Chicago DeCarbonization Plan"
The Architects Newspaper, February 11, "Unveiled: Federation of Korean Industries"
The New Yorker, February 8, "Castle in the Air," pp.62-64
Archone, February 1, "Former student Adrian Smith '66 designs world's tallest building"
Forest & Bluff, February, "The man who made it possible," pp. 30-31
Brownbook, January/February, "Building Big," p. 71
Architect, January 20, "What if an entire city could be housed under one roof?" pp. 60-63
Chicago Sun-Times, January 20, "Architect defends his stature"
The Orange County Register, January 18, "San Clemente gave architect of world's tallest building a foundation"
e-architect, January 11, "Chicago architect Adrian Smith's Burj Khalifa, world's tallest building, opens in Dubai"
The National, January 9, "Ancient practice of feng shui underpins soaring achievment"
The National, January 9, "Sky is still the limit for architect"
The Providence Journal, January 7, "Superman, meet Dubai's superscraper"
The Lake Forester, January 7, "Sky-high: Lake Forest's Adrian Smith designs world's tallest building in Dubai"
Spiked, January 7, "What's wrong with towering ambition?"
Emirates Business, January 5, "The impossible transfomed into reality"
Khaleej Times, January 5, "Meet the architect of the world's tallest tower"
Emirates Buisiness, January 4, "Soaring to the sky," pp. 6-13
The Chicago Tribune, January 4, "The Burj Dubai: New world's tallest building shows that nothing succeeds like excess"
The New York Times, January 4, "Dubai opens a tower to beat all"
The Chicago Tribune, January 3, "The tallest building ever (brought to you by Chicago"
The Los Angeles Times, January 1, "The Burj Dubai and architecture's vacant stare"
Arch+, Januar, "Masdar City," pp. 46-51
Engineering News-Record, December 9, "Design team held to competition promises"
The Plan, December, "Abu Dhabi: A new metropolitan city emerges from the desert," p. 53
The New York Times, October 20, "New agency to lead global energy push"
RICS Business, September, "Green giant," p. 9
Chicago Tribune, September 11, "Adrian Smith: building to the stars like never before"
RIBA Journal, August/September, "The color of money," pp. 44-50
Architecture + Urbanism, August, "Relationship between design and construction", pp. 30-33
Chicago Tribune, June 25, "Sears Tower plans hotel, self-greening"
Chicago Sun-Times, June 25, "Lofty 'green' renovation for Sears Tower"
Wall Street Journal, June 25, "Big hotel planned next to Sears Tower"
Crain's, June 24, "Sears Tower owners propose 5 star hotel"
New York Times, June 24, "Sears Tower to be revamped to produce most of its own power"
The Architect's Newspaper, June 17, "Design at Work," p. 16
Urban Land Middle East, Spring, "Burj Dubai", pp. 54-55
Science Illustrated, March/April, "Building Toward the Clouds," pp. 36-43
ABC News, March 9, "Burj Dubai: Architectual miracle in the desert"
Architectural Record, March 4, "Is the Green-Building Market Recession-Proof?"
"Riscaldamento Climatizzazione Idronica, February, "Biomimetica per edifici," pp. 68-74
Medill Reports, January 29, "Local architects plan an eco-bridge to complete Burnham's plan"
Engineering News-Record, January 19, "Green-retrofit work thrives in uncertain economic times", p. 22
L'espresso, January 15, "The new design is born," p. 148
Space, January, "Clean Technology Building," pp. 86-90
Millionaire, December 2008, Issue 11, "Yearning to soar," pp. 36-43
Fortune, December 2008, "A green city blooms in the desert"
The Chicago Tribune, December 11, "Trump trying to get city's final okay for spire installation this weekend"
Architectural Record, December, "Model Behavior: Anticipating Great Design," pp. 142-150
Green Source, November/December, "Urban Harvest," pp. 108-113
The Columbus Dispatch, November 30, "Tall tales: ever-higher buildings reflect solutions for the future"
The New York Times, November 19, "A new wind is blowing in Chicago"
Globe and Mail, November 11, "A building with an energy all its own," p. B9
The Chicago Tribune, November 3, "Skyline on pause: Credit crunch leaves Spire, other towers short"
Architectural Record, November, "Review: The Architecture of Adrian Smith, 1980-2006, SOM: Toward a Sustainable Future," pp. 74-75
identity, November, "The future is now," pp. 106-110; "Green giants," pp. 112-113
Cityscape Magazine, November, "Cityscape Dubai: the regional reality," pp. 30-33; "New look for old," pp. 40-42
Travel + Leisure, November, "New American Landmards," p.221-230
The National, October 30, "Architectural 'exuberance' could slow"
Metropolis, October, "Innovation from the Innovators"
Globe and Mail, October 18, "Market panic? Bring it on"
Business Week, October 15, "Undaunted, skyscrapers reach higher"
Building, October 14, "The tallest building in the world: the contenders"
World Architecture News, October 9, "Meraas Development taps Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill for megaproject"
The National, October 8, "Tall buildings put us on the map, says Burj Dubai architect"
Building, October 8, "Sears Tower set for L85m green makeover"
The Chicago Sun-Times, October 8, "Developers turn to rentals in downturn"
The Chicago Tribune, October 7, "Chicago architects plan more towers in Dubai"
Khaleej Times, October 7, “Cityscape $1 trillion showcase,” p. 1
Khaleej Times, October 7, “Dubai Launches Dh350b Jumerira Gardens,” p. 1 Business
The National, October 6, "Cityscape shines amid global gloom"
The National, October 6, "Dubai sees no reason to stop scraping skies"
The National, October 6, "Meraas tower to join Dubai's buildings in the sky"
Building, October 3, "Burj Dubai: Top of the world"
Crain's Chicago Business, September 1, "Who's Who: Chicago's Power," p. 18
The Chicago Tribune, August 28, "Getting the inside story on the Pearl River Tower, billed as the world's greenest skyscraper"
International Herald Tribune, August 12, "Rising in Dubai: Adrian Smith's Vision of Green: taller and getting taller"
New York Times, August 10, "Reaching for the clouds in Dubai"
Chicago Tribune (online), August 5, "Why do the Olympics start on 8-08 at 8:08 pm? For the same reason that many Chinese skyscrapers are 88 stories tall"
BPM Issue 91, Summer 2008, "Masdar," p. 12
Limited Edition, Summer 2008, "Adrian Smith; The Master of Skyscrapers," pp. 18-22
Shanghai: The Architecture of China's Great Urban Center, p. 66-67
Chicago Public Radio, "Architects Float Idea for Bridge"
Articolo Architecttura, "Le Nuove Frontiere del Biomimetismo"
The Big Project Issue 10, "Geometrics of the Desert Flower"
The New York Times, June 15, "Scraping the sky and then some," p. 20
The Chicago Tribune, June 15, "Chicago Architect Walter A. Netsch Dies at 88"
Grist, June 13, "The Daley Show; Hot Plans Rile the Chicago Waterfront"
The Chicago Tribune, June 12, "Smith and Gill's 'Eco-Bridge': Coming to Chicago's Lakefront?"
Architect, June 8, "Positive Energy," p. 74-79
AIArchitect, June 6, "Adrian Smith, FAIA, RIBA"
Crain's, June 2, "Smith & Gill Wins Dubai Deal," p. 21
Aktuellt, June, "Positive Energiatgang," p. 4
BBC Focus, June, "The Rise and Rise of the Superscraper," pp. 34-42
Chicago Architect, June, "The Next Big Thing," p. 70
The Sunday Times, May 11, "Dinosaurs bite the dust," p. 10
Trading Markets, May 25 "Building Slows Along with Economy"
Al Bawaba, May 15, "ETA Star's 'Green' Campaign on Channel 4 is an Instant Hit Among Listeners"
Gulf News, May 9, "Dubai Gives the Necessary Freedom Designers Need"
Architectural Record, May 7, "Smith + Gill Tapped for Ultra-Green Abu Dhabi Project," p. 29
Arabian Business, May 5, "ETA Star Launches Adrian Smith and Gordon Gill Designed Towers"
Gulf News, May 4, "Dubai: City of Supertowers"
Modern Design, May, "The 11 Hour and the Carbon Conflict: Smooth Operator," p. 75
Gulf Life, May 1, "Head in the Clouds"
Al Bawaba, April 28, "ETA Star Launches VERDE Towers in Dubai Maritime City"
Khaleej Times, April 28, "Man of Many Storeys"
Real Estate Forum Magazine, April 8, "Abu Dhabi Sustainable Project Moves Forward," p. 8
AIArchitect, April 4, "Beyond Zero: Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture's Desert Experiment"
Middle East Architect, April, "Sprawl to Tall," pp. 14-15
Engineering News-Record, "Building sector needs reeducation," p. 10
Regina Leader Post, March 12, "Architects Building New Cities"
Emirates Business, March 7, "Giving shape to big ambitions and tall buildings around the world"
Skyscrapers, March, "Post-Modernism and the Rise of the Middle East," p. 108-109
Building, February, Issue 8, "The Middle East green building challenge"
Financial Times, February 27, "Walkable, Pleasant, Urbane, Hot"
Chicago Tribune, February 24, "Sweet New Start for Chicago Architect", Section 5, p. 3
Chicago Public Radio, February 22, "Radio Interview"
Chicago Tribune, February 22, "'Green' Light for Chicago Design"
Enjeux Les Echos, January, "Adrain Smith; Paris-La Defense a Besoin d'une tour de 500 m de haut"
Metropolis, November 8, "Beyond the Spectacle"
The Chicago Tribune, November 7, "Developers embracing 'green' to gain an edge," p. 3
The Sunday Times, November 4, "City Salvation"
Chicago Sun-Times, October 12, "Tall order for tower," p. 57
Blueprint, October, "A New Practice with a Zero Energy Approach", p. 47
Bund Pictorial, October, "The Work of Adrian Smith"
The Architect's Newspaper, "Imitation of Life," 05
Gulf News, September 5, "Ground Breaking"
Chicago Magazine, September, "Chicago Architecture in 2020", p. 94
GQ, September, "Green Giants", pp. 221-222
Chicago Tribune, August 19, "How to build today's supertalls"
Architectural Record, August 17, "The Skyscraper: Still Soaring"
The Big Project, Issue 7, "Viewpoint: Sustainability has deep roots," pp. 74-77
UIC Alumni Magazine, July/August, "Unfinished Business," p. 14
Chicago Sun-Times, August 16, "Sears Tower hires green architects," Business briefs
El Tiempo, July 28, "En flores se inspiró Adrian Smith para diseñar la torre más alta del mundo: el Burj Dubai"
Chicago Sun-Times, July 24, " Chicago Architect Says World's Tallest Building Still Growing"
CNN Traveller, May/June, "World of Tomorrow"
GULF Life, May, "High, Higher, Highest," pp. 34-38, 40, 42
JAM: Art, Architecture & Design, Spring/Summer, "Interview: large-scale mixed-use and supertall; The American architect Adrian Smith," pp. 31-35
Chicago Magazine, February, "A New Order," pp. 62-65, 98-104
The American Magazine, January/February, "Lust for Height," p. 16
Business Times, January 17, "Burj Dubai is 100 Stories High," p. 1
Urban Land, January, "Managing Risk Before and During Construction," p. 142
Metropolis, January, "Parting Company," pp. 30, 32
The Big Project, Issue 2, "King Abdullah Economic City: Saudi's single largest private sector investment," pp. 34-43
Architectural Record, December, "SOM's Pearl River," p. 172
Bâtiment, December, "La tour mixte, signal urbain au coeur de la ville de demain?"
Chicago Sun-Times, “Architect’s dream project,” p. 31A
I4design, September, "Green with Envy," p. 67
Wallpaper, August, "Peak Performance," p. 91
Metropolis, July, "Super Tall and Ultra Green," pp. 106-107
Architectural Record, June 15, "Not innovative? SOM'S Skyscraper Projects in China Tell a Different Story"
Dwell, June, "Shanghai," p. 112
The Charlotte Observer, June, Pearl River
Ark, June, Burj Dubai
Focus, AIA Chicago, May, Pearl River Tower -- Guangzhou China, p. 24
Architect, May, "Arabian Heights," pp. 126-133
Architectural Record, April 27, "SOM aims to build a zero-energy office tower in Guangdong"
Business Week, March, "Dubai's Architectural Wonders"
ARX (Building), March, Jin Mao, p. 106
Shin-Dong_Ah (Korean Monthly Magazine), Tower Place III
Sheridan Road Magazine, The Premier Issue, "Leaping Tall Buildings...In a Single Bound," p. 42
Mercedes Magazine, Pearl River
High Society Magazine, "Burj Dubai," p. 118
Engineering Tall Buildings Conference, brochure, Burj Dubai, Trump, Jin Mao
Denver Museum of Nature and Science, Burj Dubai
Chicago Magazine, Shangri-la
Chicago Sun-Times, November 27, "Man of Steel: Able to Leap Tall Buildings," p. 1D
Wissenschaft, November 5, "Moderne Himmelsstrürmer"
RIBA World, no. 387, September 30, "The Sky's No Limit"
Greenroofs, September 28, "Category: Intensive Industrial/ Communities, project: Millennium Park, Chicago, Illinois"
Emporis, September 18, "Trump International Hotel & Tower"
Chicago Tribune, September 18, "As Trump tower rises, setbacks pile up; Building battles challenges of nature, markets"
AIArchitect, September 8, "SOM's Adrian Smith Honored for Service to Comm. Cancer Center" ld+ (Living Design), September, "Virkelighedens Xanadu" p. 84
Communication Arts, September, Tall Buildings, Jin Mao
MSNBC.com, August 11, "China's great cloud of construction dust"
Cityscape (The Official Preview Magazine), August, "Burj Dubai Rises and Rises," p. 10
The Observer, July 31, "Dizzy Heights," 201 Broadgate
Hong Kong Engineer, July, "Dubai takes on the super-high rise challenge"
The Architect's Journal, July, "Green Light for City projects"
Forbes.com, May, "Shanghai Surprise"
CNN, May, "End of an era for an American Idol"
Time, April 25, "Kissing the Sky," pp. 46-53
Boston Globe, April 10, "Like a cruise that never ends..."
The Virginian-Pilot, March 31, "Higher Ground"
Netscape News, March 30, "Dubai Looks to Build Tallest Skyscraper"
Yale Daily News.com, March 28, "Tower designs a test to copyright law"
AME Info, March 28, "Burj reaches defining moment as world's tallest building begins to rise"
Chicago Sun-Times, March 23, "Sky's the Limit"
Chicago Sun-Times, February 11, "Trump's higher calling"
Morocco Times.com, January 2, "UAE The world's tallest skyscraper will be in Dubai in 2008"
Metropolis Magazine, January, "City, Reaching for the Stars," pp. 84-85
Architecture of Skyscrapers, by Francisco Asensio Cerver, Watson-Guptill Publications
Architectural Record, "Tall Tales"
Space, Asia's Super-Tall Buildings, pp. 75, 76, 95, 98
Chicago Architecture and Design, by Jay Pridmore and George Larson, Harry Abrams, Inc., pp.206-210, 272, NBC Tower, Millennium Park
The Economist, "Tall Story Dubai's dream, every vertigo sufferer's nightmare"
Intelligent Building, no. 3, p. 74
Chicago Central Area Committee, Visionary Chicago (Book)
Time, December 27, "Kissing the Sky," pp. 170-173
Le Vif (L'Express), December 17, "Construction Plus haut," p. 12
Korean Central Daily (Toronto, Ontario), December 10, 11,
Le Soir, December 10, "Besix vise trés, trés, trés haut a Dubai," p. 16
Het Laatste Nieuws, December 10, "Wij, Belgan, bouwen hoogstetoren ter wereld Strasf, HE," p. 5
Gazet Van Antwerpen, December 10, "Toren van 705 meter 'sleutel op de deur,'" p. 15
De Morgen, December 10, "Hoogste gebouw ter wereld kan nog hoger," p. 16
Business Times, December 9, "Emaar awards Burj Dubai Tower deal to Samsung"
Tendances Trends, December, p. 9
Standaard, December, pp. 50-51
La Derniere Heure (Les Sports), December, "Des Belges au sommet mondial," p. 6
Architectural Record, November, "7 South Dearborn," p. 57
Chicago Tribune, October 31, "One Trump reality worth all the hype"
Midwest Construction, October, "Walking Through Chicago's Millennium Park"
Focus, October, "Distinguished Building Awards," AIA Chicago, p. 7
The New York Times, September 15, "G.M. Helps to Drive a Detroit Revival"
Architectural Record, September, "Sticking with the Plan," p.23
Gracious Living, Fall, "Unprecedented Demand For Trump International Hotel & Tower," pp. 8-10
New York (NY) Newsday, August 1, "Reaching for the sky" Technology Review, July/August, "The World's Tallest Building (for now)", pp. 51-54
Urban Land, May, "A New Lakefront Neighborhood in the Heart of Downtown Chicago", p. 65
Architectural Record, May, "Upcoming building projects help establish a new design tradition," p. 95
Chicago Tribune, April 18, "Chicago's Bold Rebirth"
Metropolis, April, "Tall, Taller, Tallest," pp. 148-150
Construction Week, February-March, "World's Tallest," p. 13
OFFICE, February, "Trump Tower," p. 75
Forbes.com, January, "Tallest Buildings of Tomorrow"
Taiwan Architect, No. 353, "Adrian Smith, A Sky City Interview with Adrian Smith," pp. 96-103
Skyscrapers, by Andres Lepik, Prestel Publishing, pp. 22, 126-127, 148-149
Sky High Living, Contemporary High-Rise Apartment and Mixed-Use Buildings, The Images Publishing Group, Olympia Centre, 7 S. Dearborn, pp. 30, 229
Shanghai: Architecture & Urbanism For Modern China, pp. 85, 113 Shanghai: Architecture and Design
Remaking the Urban Waterfront, Urban Land Institute, p. 55
Fachthemen, "GM Football: Vestibule of the General Motor's Headquarters, Detroit", pp. 552-561
Architectural Record, December, "So far, so good with design for Trump's new Chicago tower," p. 22
Environmental Design + Construction, September October, "Architecturally Integrated Photovoltaics," p. 28
Chicago Tribune, September 24, "Trump Unwraps Building Plan," p. 1, "Improved Design Wrapped in Promises"
Identity, August/September, "Tall Order," p. 79
Gulf News (Online Edition), May, "Emaar opens registration for Burj Dubai"
Burj Dubai Article, May, "Burj Dubai World's Tallest Tower," News Release
Concept Magazine, April 4, "Skidmore, Owings & Merrill," pp. 52-61
Popular Science, March, "How High Will They Build?" pp. 60-71
Tall Buildings, The Museum of Modern Art, pp. 138-143, 170-175
Skyscrapers, by Antonino Terranova, Barnes & Noble, Jin Mao
Sky High: Vertical Architecture, by Chris Abel, Royal Academy Books, pp. 105, 111
Focus, "Two Chicago Firms in Green Exhibition at National Building Museum," Manulife Financial
Daylighting Performance and Design, by Gregg Ander, FAIA, 2nd edition, Wiley
BuildingEnvelopes.org, Jin Mao Building
A+U Architecture and Urbanism, 03:12, pp. 53, 80-83, CCTV
AW (Architecture World), no. 100, "Pro Architect Adrian Smith," pp. 120-131
Urban Land, November/December, "Modernist Vocabulary", pp. 114-121
Canary, Winter, "The architecture of canary wharf", (pull out section)
The New York Times, November 14, "Shanghai Polishes Up Its Rough Edges," House & Home section
World Architecture 149, November, pp. 16, 17, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32-36, 46-51
Architecture and Urbanism (A+U), November, pp. 39-42, 57, 142-143
Architectural Record, September, "Design modified for SOM's Trump Tower Chicago"
Chicago Tribune, August 25, "Architecture: American builders go on the defensive"
Projecto Design, July, BankBoston
Chicago Sun-Times, June 27, "Revised Trump tower picks up civic support"
Residential Architect, April, "On the boards/Tall tale"
Grid, April, "Midwest Movers"
Facility, Ano V, "Nova sede do BankBoston"
Amerika Woche, November, "Hoch hinaus"
Canary, Winter, "The Architecture of Canary Wharf," (supplement guide)
Chicago Tribune, October 15, "Making buildings terror-proof," p. 1
The Architectural Review, October, "View," p. 28
Domus, September, "The tower and the city"/"The tower breaks out of the box," pp. 44-51, "The Chicago school," p. 97
The Tampa Tribune, August 20, "Vertical Extreme"
Southeast Asia Building, May, "Modern Architecture in Shanghai"
Architectural Record, May, "American Institute of Architects Honor Awards," p. 129
Domus, April, "7 South Dearborn"
Chicago Sun-Times, March 16, "Lakeshore East plan approved," p. 50 N
The New York Times, March 2, "Stun-Gun Reality, Magnificent In Its Artifice"
Architects' Journal, March
The Wall Street Journal, January 19, "Towers of Power," p. W13, Jin Mao Tower
Chicago Tribune, January 5, "AIA Awards for Interiors -- Jin Mao Tower"
Architectural Record, January, "2001 AIA Honor Awards announced for 30 projects," p. 30
Skyscrapers: The New Millennium, John Zukowsky (ed), Prestel Publishing, pp. 112, 134, 141
Encyclopedia Britannica, Year in Review, "Architecture and Civil Engineering," Jin Mao, p. 164
Anuario Arquitetura & Engenharia Os Melhores Profeissionais -- Os Melhores Produtos, p. 230
Architectural Record, November, "Ambitious Development Proposed for Downtown Chicago"
Men's Journal, September, "The Tallest Building," p. 114
Jin Mao Tower: Design, Strategy and Construction, China Construction Industry, August
Elle Décor, August, "Sky High," p. 44
Projeto Design, Maio, "Arquitetura de pagodes inspira formas do predio mais alto da China," p. 74
Financial Times, April 15 "The world's tallest buildings," p. 53
Chicago Tribune, March 12, "Architecture"
Popular Mechanics, March, "The Sky's The Limit," p. 57
Innovation, March, "Höchstform"
Planen, Bauen, Wohnen, February 4, "Den Stolz züruck nach Chicago bringen," p. 79
PROJETO Design, February, "Nova sede do BankBoston, na zona sul paulistana, pretende ser 'oasis urbano,'" p. 80
National Geographic World, February
Civil Engineering, January 6
Building Design & Construction, January, "Renaissance Center renovation" p. 9
Architectural Record, January, "Rising at the heart of Shanghai's new business district, the Jin Mao Tower designed by SOM reflects the new face of China," p. 82
A View From the River, by Jay Pridmore, Pomegranite Communications
re intériouro cree 2000, "Tour 7 South Dearborn, Chicago Tour Jin Mao, Shanghai Tour Kowloon MTR, Hong Kong," p. 42
PORTFOLIO, The Art Institute of Chicago, "Skyscrapers: The New Millennium," p. 4
New Zealand Design TRENDS, Vol. 15, No. 15, "Five star's feng shui," p. 46
The New Millennium, (Dennis Lau & Ng Chun Man Architects & Engineers), Kowloon Tower
Crain's Chicago Business, Vol. 22, No. 52, "Who's Who -- 2000 Top Business List," p. 104
College of Architecture and the arts UIC, "Architecture"
Building Images: Seventy Years of Photography at Hedrich Blessing, ATT/United States Gypsum, p. 166
Architecture, November, "Chicago's Tower Envy"
ENR Magazine, October 11, "Chicago Approves Plan for 1,550-Ft.-Tall Skyscraper," p. 9
The Christian Science Monitor, October 1, "Chicago's bid for 112 stories of glory"
Reuters, September 21, "Plans for 'Tallest' Building Unveiled in Chicago"
World Architecture 79, September, "SOM on a Shang-High Jin Mao Building, Pudong, Shanghai, People's Republic of China," p. 67
USA Today, September, "High hopes, Chicago skyscrapers would be world-beater"
Architectural Record, August
The New York Times, July 13, "Another Entry for King of the Sky"
Associated Press, Chicago, June 8, "Plan calls for world's tallest building to be built in Chicago"
Chicago Tribune, June 7, "New Plan for Tallest Building"
Wallpaper, May/June, "Hyatt Advertisement," The Travel News
Whitney Gould Building Design Magazine, May 7, "Dockland Delights.
Does Canary Wharf produce the finest corporate architecture in the world? Architects on both sides of the Atlantic seem to think so"
Asian Architect & Contractor, May, "Intelligent Building Supplement Landmarking Shanghai: Jim Mao Building"
Dialogue Magazine, April, "An Investigation into the Synthesis of Modern and Traditional -- the Jin Mao Building, Shanghai"
The Wall Street Journal, Marketplace, March 17, "From Paddy Fields to Skyscrapers -- A Glittering Hotel Rises in Shanghai's Pudong District"
Chicago Sun-Times, February 22, "Leaping into the Millennium," p. 16
Collected Papers of Habitat and the High-Rise Tradition and Innovation, "Intelligent Building Systems for the Jin Mao Building," p. 323
Collected Papers of Habitat and the High-Rise Tradition and Innovation, "Contextualism in a Multi-Cultural Society," pp. 3-5
Chicago Sun-Times, November 23, "Millennium Park takes root," p. 20
Chicago Tribune, September 11, "Plan Commission Oks 82-story Loop Tower"
ENR-Engineering News-Record, May 18, "View from the Top" (cover story), Jin Mao, pp. 24-28
Silver Kris, March, "Buildings with Brains", Jin Mao, pp. 37-40
Architectural Record, February, "Skidmore Sweeps AIA Awards Again," State Street Renovation
The Fifth International Conference on Tall Buildings, 1998, Proceedings: Volume I, Edited by Y.K. Cheung, A.K.H. Kwan, "Kowloon Landmark Tower," pp. 78-86, "Design and Construction of China's Tallest Building: The Jin Mao Tower-Shanghai," pp.139-144, "A Tower for the Twenty-First Century: Xiamen Posts and Telecommunications Building," pp. 177-180