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Christopher Drew

Christopher Drew, Director of Sustainability, is an internationally recognized and awarded Environmental Scientist and Sustainability Manager. He is unique in the architecture profession in that he brings an understanding of the relationships of the built environment with the natural environment and urban ecosystems through almost 20 years working as an environmental specialist with 10 of those years working as a sustainability Manager.

Dr. Drew contributes to AS+GG projects through establishing the sustainable design vision, goals and targets and then working closely with the architecture team and sub-consultants to develop appropriate implementation strategies and design performance monitoring approach. With a focus on holistic sustainable design and resource use minimization strategies, he has supported all of AS+GG most significant projects and helped the firm to win numerous environmental design awards.

Prior to joining AS+GG in 2009, Dr. Drew was the Department Manager for Sustainability at Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, a project which is still considered to be the most sustainable large community development project in the world. He helped develop all aspects of Masdar City’s sustainability strategy, sustainability management systems and key performance indicators for design, construction and operation

Prior to that he was the environment and sustainability manager for the Abu Dhabi Airport Expansion Program – at the time the largest airport project in the world, where besides developing the Environmental assessment methodology for the project, he oversaw the first successful wildlife translocation project from the construction area to a protected area.

Education

PhD., University of Stirling, United Kingdom, 2005
Bachelor of Science, University of Liverpool, UK, 1996

Affiliations

The Chartered Institution of Wastes Management (CIWM)
Hong Kong Building Environmental assessment Method Professional (HK-BEAM)
Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method International (BREEAM)
US Green Building Council Member
Board Member Carbon Leadership Forum
Member AIA 2030 Challenge

Presentations + Publications

Presentation: “Addressing Urbanization and Major Environmental And Social Issues: Proposing a Potential Solution to Cities with a High Population Density,” 3rd Annual Vertical Cities Conference, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, March 10, 2014
Presentation: “A new Model for sustainable urbanism in China,” American Society for Landscape Architects, September 2013
Presentation: “Beyond Buildings,” China Low Carbon Forum, Shenzhen, China, June 2013
Presentation: “Beyond Buildings,” TEDxIIT, Chicago, Illinois, April 13, 2013
Panel: “The Evolution of Performance,” 2nd Annual Hospitality Design Furniture Luxurious Projects Asia Summit,” Singapore, March 11, 2013
Presentation: “Sustainable High-density Developments,” 2nd Annual Vertical Cities Conference, Seoul, Korea, March 6, 2013
Presentation; “The Density Study,” Chinachem – Sustainable Development: A Better Quality of Life, Hong Kong, November 2012
Panel: “Won’t you Be My Neighbor? Connecting Airports and Communities,” Airports Going Green Conference, November 6, 2012
Presentation: “A Sustainable Solution for Urbanization in China,” CTBUH Congress, Shanghai, China, September 21, 2012
Presentation: “Understanding And Using Climate Data For Performative Passive Design,” 2nd NSF Workshop on Architecture and Engineering of Sustainable Buildings, Chicago, Illinois, July 2012
Presentation: “100,000 People per km2: A Case Study from Chengdu, China,” 1st Annual Vertical Cities Conference, Hong Kong, March 12, 2012
Presentation: “10 People Per SM; A Case Study from Chengdu,” China, ESRI Geodesign Summit, California, January 2012
Presentation: “Smart Buildings Meet Smart Infrastructure,” Philippines Green Building Council Conference, Makati September 2011
Panel: “Sustainability and the Challenges Faced at a City Scale,” SIX and the City, Singapore, September 2010
Panel: “Innovate to Survive,” Institute of Civil Engineers, London, June 2010
Publication: Drew, C. (2005) The desert hare. In Natural Emirates. P. Hellyer & S. Aspinall (eds.) Trident Publishing, Newbury, UK
Publication: Drew, C. (2004) The mammals of Jebel Hafeet. In Jebel Hafeet a Natural History. S. Aspinall. (ed.). ADCO Publications, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Publication: Drew, C. and De Soyza, A. (2002) The Mammals of Abu Al Abyad. In The Island of Abu Al Abyad. R.Perry (ed.) ERWDA, Abu Dhabi UAE
Publication: Drew, C. (2001) Assessing the impacts of coastal infrastructure developments on saltmarshes and mangroves within the coastal zone of Abu Dhabi Emirate using Landsat-TM satellite imagery. Proceedings of the second International symposium and workshop on Arid Zone Environments, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Publication: Murdoch, J., C. Drew, C. Tourenq, and I. Barcelo Llanes.(2007) Ruppell's fox in Al Dhafra, United Arab Emirates. Canid News 10:1-6.
Publication: Drew, C. (2000) An assessment of the distribution of desert hares (Lepus capensis) in Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates. Zoology in the Middle East. 2, 39-46

Awards

AIA Tap/CCA Innovation Awards, Stellar Design, Astana Expo City, 2016
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Urban Planning, Astana Expo City, 2016
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Urban Planning, Lincoln Park Sustainability Roadmap, 2016
Re-thinking The Future 2015 Award, Urban Design Concept, First Award, Great City Chengdu, 2015
Re-thinking The Future 2015 Award, Urban Design Concept, Second Award, Astana Expo City, 2015
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Urban Planning, Tianfu New District Master Plan, 2015
WAN Urban Design Award, Future Projects, Finalist, Xixian Great City Master Plan, 2014
Middle East AIA, Non-Built Category, Merit Award, Kingdom Tower, 2014
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Urban Planning, Xixian Great City Master Plan, 2014
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Urban Planning, Great City Chengdu Master Plan, 2014
The Chicago Athenaeum, Green Good Design Award, Green Research /Technology, the Density Study: A Carbon Analysis of Residential Typologies, 2014
Illinois AIA, Daniel Burnham Honor Award, Chicago Central Area DeCarbonization Plan, 2013
The Chicago Athenaeum, American Architecture Award, Xixian Great City, 2013
Chicago AIA, Design Excellence, SustainABILITY Award, Chicago Central Area Decarbonization Plan, 2012
National AIA, Honor Award, Urban and Regional Design, Chicago Central Area DeCarbonization Plan, 2011
WAN Awards, Urban Design, Chicago Central Area DeCarbonization Plan, 2010
Arabian Property Award for Architecture, Mideast Region, International Property Awards, Masdar Headquarters, 2010
R+D Award for Sustainability, Chicago DeCarbonization Plan, Architect Magazine, 2010

Major projects at Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture:

Expo-2017
Master Planning and Architecture for 174 hectare international exposition site features exhibition and cultural pavilions (118,620 sm); a residential development (686,000 sm); service areas including shopping, socio-cultural, educational and civic facilities; and site-wide parks (72,000 sm). Astana, Kazakhstan

Tianfu New District Master Plan
Master planning and  urban design for new city located approximately 30 kilometers south of Chengdu. The city layout considers the unique features in the landscape such as existing valleys, ridges and slopes and reinterprets them as parks, plazas, pedestrian streets and retail corridors. Chengdu, China

Xixian Great City
A 1.4 square km development in China that represents a shift in the approach to providing high density housing and employment in suburban China. The city is designed around a number of key sustainability criteria focusing on a sustainable and healthy urban environment while at the same time being affordable. Xian, China

Great City Chengdu
1 square-kilometer development in central China, stemming from an investigation into the relationship between high density urban living and sustainable development. Will accommodate a population of 100,000 people, or 30,000 families. Chengdu, China

Chicago Department of Aviation
Assisted in the development of a Sustainable Roadmap that would transform O’Hare International and Midway Airports into the most sustainable facilities of their kind. Building on experience in developing sustainability master plans, AS+GG guided the CDA’s prioritization and consolidation of existing programs to formulate a synergistic sustainability plan for the Chicago Department of Aviation.' Chicago, Illinois

AS+GG Density Study
An internal research project which looked at the key sustainability aspects of building typologies ranging from suburban single family homes through 750 m supertall towers. To ensure comparability all community prototypes were designed in house for 2000 units with differing total building number, one supertall tower with 2000 units versus 2000 suburban homes. The study analyzed the prototypes in terms of land use, energy demand, transportation, and life cycle carbon emissions. Chicago, Illinois

Jeddah Tower
The next tallest building in the world, this multi-use Tower will feature a luxury hotel, office space, serviced apartments, luxury condominiums and the world’s highest observatory. Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Chicago Central Area DeCarbonization Plan
Commission from the City of Chicago for a complete "Energy Master Plan" that assesses and looks at innovative solutions for the carbon performance of the downtown area Loop using a holistic urban design approach. Chicago, Illinois

Willis Tower Greening Project + Hotel (Formerly Sears Tower)
Integration of sustainable systems to reduce energy consumption at the former Sears tower and design for highly sustainable, 50-story five-star hotel to be built on the south side of Willis Tower plaza. The hotel will draw net zero energy from the power grid. Chicago, Illinois

Masdar Headquarters Development
Positive Energy building (generating more energy than it consumes) in zero-carbon, zero-waste city outside of Abu Dhabi. Project includes office and residential space, retail, transit circulation and incorporates landscaped green space. Masdar City at Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

 

Projects prior to joining AS+GG:

Masdar, Department Manager  Sustainability
(December 2007 – October 2009) Sustainability Management including strategy and planning, setting targets and KPIs, developing a sustainability management system and reporting greenhouse gas emissions, integration of renewable energy generation with other utilities (solid waste, wastewater, potable water, transportation and ICT), waste management and environmental management.

Abu Dhabi International Airport Expansion Programme, Environmental Manager
(May 2005 – December 2007) Environmental Manager at the ADIA expansion programme: construction environmental management, aspects of environmental design (sustainability and compliance) as well as aspects of operational environmental management (noise modelling, emissions modelling). Also, interfacing with designers and stakeholders to ensure sustainable design measures were incorporated, SCADIA’ s and ADAC‘s sustainable design framework and preparation of documentation in support of engaging the UK Building Research Establishment to undertake a BREEAM assessment of the Midfield Terminal Complex.

Parsons International ltd., Environmental Manager
(2005-2006) Held meetings with stakeholders, undertook preliminary site surveys, prepared prequalification documentation for environmental consultants and prepared the RFP for environmental consulting services. Was also involved with the Business development team in preparing an overall costing for programme management of the Airport Design. Supported successful design bid package, providing scope of work for environmental services (with regards design and construction).

Freelance Environmental consultant
(2002 – 2006) Provided environmental consulting support on numerous projects, mainly associated with the Oil and Gas industry.

Baseline Ecological Assessment
(2006) Environmental scientist and ecologist for baseline assessment of BG concession area in the Empty quarter of Oman. The study was carried out during November of 2006 and was submitted by BG to Petroleum Development Organisation of Oman as part of their exploration and mitigation strategy. Rub Al Khali, Oman

Environment Agency Abu Dhabi
(1996 – 2005) Recruited to work for terrestrial ecology research centre and undertook numerous surveys in support of environmental programmes, protected areas programmes and private initiatives for the ruling family of Abu Dhabi

Issyk-Kul Lake Highway Improvement
(Kyrgyz Govt. 2006) Provided advice on the requirements for undertaking an Equator principle / WB standard EIA. Carried out a rapid site assessment at the request of a local environmental consultancy. Kyrgyzstan

Sangachal Terminal
(BP, 2006) Prepared a protocol and methodology for the assessment of success of a combined waste management plan and habitat improvement programme. The study used native rodent species as indicators and utilized distance sampling as a statistical measuring tool. Azerbaijan

Sangachal Terminal Wetlands Study
(URS, 2002) Survey team leader for a multidisciplinary assessment of the semi-natural wetland outside of the BP Sangachal oil terminal in Azerbaijan. The study was carried out during the autumn of 2002 and completed in early 2003. The purpose of the study was to characterise and assess the ecological significance of the wetland and to establish baseline values for biotic and abiotic parameters against which future change (as a result of development or other stochastic factors) could be measured. Azerbaijan

ADCO
(ADIAS, 2002) Surveying project manager for a post-seismic survey Environmental Impact Assessment carried out on behalf of Abu Dhabi Islands Archaeological Service (ADIAS) for Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Oil Operations (ADCO) during June 2002. The contract was for a survey of fauna, flora and natural environments in a mobile sand dune environment. The purpose was to assess whether there was any impact from a seismic survey that had been carried out over the past two and a half years and to make recommendations for the restoration of habitat damaged by associated earth moving and infrastructure construction. United Arab Emirates

Chris Drew on . . .

. . . design
When it comes to design, I don't have to get pens and paper out. This is fortunate, as my artistic abilities are, well, let's just say limited. However, what I really like to do is sketch out schematic process flows and see how they can be integrated into the design so that sustainable best practices are included from the outset, rather than as some sort of added extra that goes in once people start reading through a building assessment checklist. The early stages of design are the most important when it comes to sustainability; that's where all the passive design measures such as building orientation, shape, location are all decided. These are the measures that, at least in terms of energy savings (and to an extent indoor environmental quality) have the greatest effect for the lowest cost.

. . . construction
As far as I'm concerned, the days when architects designed buildings and handed a bunch of design drawings over to a builder, who then put it altogether with pretty minimal input from the designer, are well and truly dead and buried. My philosophy is that sustainability starts at the earliest design stage, goes through construction and into operation. If I'm involved in designing a sustainable building and putting my name to it, I want to make sure that I have as much influence over all the stages as possible. As building designs bring about further reductions in energy and water consumption, actual construction processes and the materials used have an even greater impact. If I can work with contractors to specify materials, reduce waste generation and discuss with them techniques to improve sustainability during the construction process, then the environmental impact (and the cost) of the built environment can be reduced.

. . . where he gets his inspiration
I grew up with my brother on a smallholding, or small farm, where my parents did as much as they could to be self-sufficient. While they were at work, my granddad, who was without question the most practical person to have ever lived, would show us how to fix things, often using materials that had once served other purposes. I think I take my inspiration from the people who were around me during my childhood.

More recently, I've met or worked with some of the most creative thinkers in regards to sustainability, this experience has taught me firstly the importance of some of the things I studied at university. My PhD. is in desert wildlife ecology—not, you might think, the most relevant subject in regards to building design. However, understanding our part in the ecosystems we inhabit is actually completely relevant. Most of the adaptations of wildlife to their environments are directly applicable to buildings. Desert oryx, or antelope, have high thermal mass to help them keep cool; the ears of desert hares radiate heat to keep cool. Some animals can reduce the blood supply parts of their body when it gets too hot or too cold. In the end, these plants and animals are the ultimate energy and water conservers. If we can't learn from them, it's because we are not thinking laterally enough. It's not just about biomimicry; it's more about natural systems mimicry.

The second thing I learned was the 1 + 1 =3 approach. This is really the key to achieving economic sustainability; integrating two systems almost inevitably gives an extra benefit. We've seen that with co-generation and tri-generation, so we should always look out for integration opportunities.

. . . my favorite moment in architecture
I don't know that I've had a favourite moment. Certainly I've had satisfying moments. One of those was having most of the major wood suppliers in the United Arab Emirates come to a meeting that we organized with the Forest Stewardship Council to encourage them to become certified so that we could specify locally purchased sustainable timber, and a couple of weeks later being able to do so because enough of them had committed to becoming certified. Seeing concrete waste from the project being crushed and used in high value applications, seeing wood waste being shredded, dyed and used for ground improvement—all of it saving money and reducing the environmental impact—was extremely satisfying. Being able to walk around inside a building in summer in the UAE that was not air conditioned but was just well designed—that was a good moment.

. . . his favorite examples of sustainability
There aren't really that many examples of true sustainability out there, at least not on a large, designed scale. I really want to be involved in reducing life-cycle carbon dioxide emissions of buildings in a way that isn't just operational emissions (typically saving energy) but also the embodied carbon and the emissions associated with maintenance. All too often the focus is on saving energy at almost any cost, even when, if the energy source is renewable such as wind, hydro or solar, it has only a marginal impact on CO2 emissions. In these cases, saving water and using highly durable low-embodied-carbon materials would have a much greater impact. I'm impressed by buildings in which life-cycle carbon emission reductions have been made and a life-cycle cost estimate has shown a positive financial argument for doing it. I think the one-planet living communities have done pioneering work in this regard. And with the BRE Environmental Assessment Method driving designers to consider embodied carbon, we're going to see some great stuff coming out in the next few years.

. . . his favorite thing about a collaborative design process
Other people have said the same thing and I completely agree: it's the people in the team. I've worked with teams where the contractors have been completely disinterested in sustainability at the outset of a project and, a few weeks later, are fully on board and coming up with innovative solutions of their own. Seeing people being totally committed to something that they either didn't know about or didn't understand a few weeks earlier is one of the most satisfying things.

. . . what he'd be if he wasn't a sustainability manager
I'm interested in so many things, but probably I'd be a conservation biologist.

. . . what he does when he's not working
I enjoy playing and watching sport and being outdoors, especially with my wife and children. I also read a lot and think about sustainability—plotting and scheming about how things can be done better. It's almost impossible to not think about it. I go to a shop where the escalator runs when there's no one on it, I go to a restaurant where the AC is working flat-out just to offset the heat from the lighting, I get in a taxi with a 4-litre engine . . . and so on. Examples of us squandering energy, water and fuel, and producing too much waste, are absolutely everywhere. Once your eyes are open to it, it's almost impossible to close them.